Magic, Science And Religion And Other Essays 1948

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Kessinger Publishing, 2004 - Social Science - 348 pages
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Table of Contents
Introduction (Robert Redfield)
1. Primitive Man and His Religion
2. Rational Mastery by Man of His Surroundings
3. Life, Death, and Destiny in Early Faith and Cult
4. The Public and Tribal Character of Primitive Cults
5. The Art of Magic and the Power of Faith
1. The Role of Myth in Life
2. Myths of Origin
3. Myths of Death and of the Recurrent Cycle of Life
4. Myths of Magic
5. Conclusion
Essay III. BALOMA: The Spirits of the Dead in the Trobriand Islands
1. General Remarks Concerning the Independence of Mortuary Practices, and the Welfare of the Spirit; The Two Forms of Spirit or Ghost, the Baloma and the Kosi; The Mulukausi, Terrible Beings which Haunt the Neighborhood of a Corpse
2. The Journey of the Spirit to the Nether World; Its Arrival and Reception in Tuma, the Island of the Spirits; Communion between the Baloma and the Living; Actual Meetings in Waking Condition; Communion through Dreams and Visions; Nature of the Baloma and the Kosi
3. Return of the Spirits to Their Villages during the Annual Feast, the Milamala Part Played by the Spirits in Magic; References to Ancestors in Magical Spells
4. Beliefs in Reincarnation
5. Ignorance of the Physiology of Reproduction
6. Some General Statements Concerning the Sociology of Belief

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About the author (2004)

Bronislaw Malinowski, a Polish-born British anthropologist, was a major force in transforming nineteenth-century speculative anthropology into an observation-based science of humanity. His major interest was in the study of culture as a universal phenomenon and in the development of fieldwork techniques that would both describe one culture adequately and, at the same, time make systematic cross-cultural comparisons possible. He is considered to be the founder of the functional approach in the social sciences which involves studying not just what a cultural trait appears to be, but what it actually does for the functioning of society. Although he carried out extensive fieldwork in a number of cultures, he is most famous for his research among the Trobrianders, who live on a small island off the coast of New Guinea.

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