Mexico, from mestizo to multicultural: national identity and recent representations of the Conquest
In Mexico, the confluence of the 1992 Quincentennial commemoration of Columbus's voyages and the neo-liberal sexenio, or presidency, of Carlos Salinas de Gortari spurred artistic creations that capture the decade like no other source does. In the 1990s, Mexican artists produced an inordinate number of works that revise and rewrite the events of the sixteenth-century conquest and colonization. These works and their relationship to, indeed their mirroring of, the intellectual and cultural atmosphere in Mexico during the Salinas presidency are of paramount importance if we are to understand the subtle but deep shifts within Mexico's national identity that took place at the end of the last century. Throughout the twentieth century, the post-revolutionary Mexican State had used mestizajeas a symbol of national unity and social integration. By the end of the millennium, however, Mexico had gone from a PRI-dominated, economically protectionist nation to a more democratic, economically globalizing one. More importantly, the homogenizing, mestizophile national identity that pervaded Mexico throughout the past century had given way to official admission of Mexico's ethnic and linguistic diversity--or 'pluriculture' according to President Salinas's 1992 constitutional revision. This book is the first interdisciplinary study of literary, cinematic, and graphic images of Mexican national identity in the 1980s and '90s. Discussing, in depth, writings, films, and cartoons from a vast array of contemporary sources, Carrie C. Chorba creates a social history of this important shift.
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The Trauma of Mexicos Mestizo Origins
Moving toward Multiculturalism
The Interminable Conquest of Mexico
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Aguilar Ahuizotl Ahumada artist Aztec Aztec emperor Carlos Carlos Fuentes Carmen Boullosa Carrasco cartoons Chapter Chiapas Christian colonial comic conquest of Mexico conquista conquistador Cortes's Courtesy Cuauhtemoc cultural debate demonstrates Despite diversity economic ethnic Felipe Figure film Fray Diego Fuentes Fuentes's globalization Guerrero Hernan Cortes hijos Hispanic identidad indigenous indigenous rights indios inutil issues Kresnik language Latin American Libros Llanto Malinche Malintzin mestizaje mestizo mestizo identity mestizo origins mestizophile Mexi Mexican identity Mexican national identity mexicanidad Mexico City Mexico's mestizo Moctezuma modern Mexican moneros multicultural mundo NAFTA narrative narrators national unity nationalist neoliberal novel nuevo Octavio Paz orillas país past Paz's play plurality pluricultural political presidency Quincentennial racial rape Rascon Banda Salinas de Gortari scene sixteenth sixteenth-century Solares Solares's Spaniards Spanish symbol syncretic Templo Mayor Tenochtitlan texts tiempo tion tlatoani Tonantzin Topiltzin transculturation twentieth century Virgin of Guadalupe writes Zapatista