The Pursuit of Pleasure: Drugs and Stimulants in Iranian History, 1500-1900

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Princeton University Press, 2005 - History - 346 pages
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From ancient times to the present day, Iranian social, political, and economic life has been dramatically influenced by psychoactive agents. This book looks at the stimulants that, as put by a longtime resident of seventeenth-century Iran, RaphaŽl du Mans, provided Iranians with damagh, gave them a "kick," got them into a good mood. By tracing their historical trajectory and the role they played in early modern Iranian society (1500-1900), Rudi Matthee takes a major step in extending contemporary debates on the role of drugs and stimulants in shaping the modern West.

At once panoramic and richly detailed, The Pursuit of Pleasure examines both the intoxicants known since ancient times--wine and opiates--and the stimulants introduced later--tobacco, coffee, and tea--from multiple angles. It brings together production, commerce, and consumption to reveal the forces behind the spread and popularity of these consumables, showing how Iranians adapted them to their own needs and tastes and integrated them into their everyday lives.

Matthee further employs psychoactive substances as a portal for a set of broader issues in Iranian history--most notably, the tension between religious and secular leadership. Faced with reality, Iran's Shi`i ulama turned a blind eye to drug use as long as it stayed indoors and did not threaten the social order. Much of this flexibility remains visible underneath the uncompromising exterior of the current Islamic Republic.

 

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Contents

General Overview Iran between 1500 and 1900
17
Wine in Safavid Iran I Between Excess and Abstention
37
Wine in Safavid Iran II Ambivalence and Prohibition
69
Opium in Safavid Iran The Assimilated Drug
97
Tobacco in Safavid Iran Pleasure and Proscription
117
Coffee in Safavid Iran Commerce and Consumption
144
Qajar Period
175
Wine in Qajar Iran From Flouting the Religious Law to Flaunting Unbelief
177
Opium and Tobacco in Qajar Iran From Pleasure to Cash Crop and Emblem of the Nation
207
From Coffee to Tea Shifting Patterns of Consumption in Qajar Iran
237
Drinking Tea in the Qahvahkhanah The Politics of Consumption in Qajar Iran
267
Conclusion
293
Bibliography
305
Index
335
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About the author (2005)

Rudi Matthee is Professor of History at the University of Delaware. He is the author of The Politics of Trade in Safavid Iran: Silk for Silver, 1600-1730.

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