Extending Period of Government Control of Railroads. Printed for Use of Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce of the House of Reprsentatives, Sixty-fifth Congress, Third Session. H.R. 13707
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1919 - Railroads - 42 pages
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accomplished Baltimore & Ohio barges bituminous coal canal Cape Cod Canal carriers Chicago Chicago and St Cincinnati cities committee competitive congestion Congress consumer December December 11 destination different railroad companies economic effect elimination equipment existing extension fact favored Federal control freight cars freight rates Government control handled haul improvements increase industrial interior Interstate Commerce Commission justment line-haul lines loaded locomotives matter ment mileage miles Minneapolis movement necessary needed number of pounds officials Ohio River particular railroad company past peace conditions Pennsylvania period of Federal permanent solution possible practically present private control private management public interest rail rail transportation Railroad Administration railroad labor railroad problem railroad question railways reasonable reforms repair result river points roads routes saving shippers situation supplies tank cars taxation without representation terminal facilities territory tion tons traffic transportation stringency transportation system unified control United vessels wages waterways West Virginia
Page 16 - When women are employed the working conditions must be healthful and fitted to their needs. The laws enacted for the government of their employment must be observed, and their pay, when they do the same class of work as men.
Page 6 - ... relinquish control of all or any part of any railroad or system of transportation, further Federal control of which the President shall deem not needful or desirable; and the President may at any time during the period of Federal control agree with the owners thereof to relinquish all or any part of any railroad or system of transportation. The President may relinquish all railroads and systems of transportation under Federal control at any time he shall deem such action needful or desirable.
Page 33 - ... rates that will enable them to accomplish that result, although such rates may discriminate against intermediate points. Under such an interpretation of the statutes in question, they may well be regarded as recognizing the authority of competing railroad companies engaged in interstate commerce — when their interests will be subserved thereby — to build up favored centers of population at the expense of the business of the country at large.
Page 5 - I do not, or I have not, at least, felt that it was necessary to take the actual ownership of the railroads. I believe that it will be impossible after the return of peace to restore the competitive conditions to the same extent as they existed prior to the outbreak of the war. I favor some form of governmental regulation and control of a far stronger, more intelligent, and effective character than we have had heretofore, because I am satisfied that a stronger Government control will be demanded...
Page 15 - Commission shall make a general investigation of the compensation of persons in the railroad service, the relation of railroad wages to wages in other industries, the conditions respecting wages in different parts of the country, the special emergency respecting wages which exists at this time owing to war conditions and the high cost of living, as well as the relation between different classes of railroad labor.
Page 7 - In consequence mills have shut down, prices have advanced, perishable articles of great value have been destroyed, and hundreds of carloads of food products have been delayed in reaching their natural markets. In other territories there have been so many cars on the lines of the carriers and in their terminals that transportation service has been thrown into unprecedented confusion, long delays in transit have been the rule rather than the exception, and the operation of established industrial activities...
Page 38 - Countiss, agent, for relief from the provisions of the fourth section of the act to regulate commerce as amended June 18, 1910, with respect to rates made from eastern points of shipment which are higher to intermediate points than to Pacific coast terminals.
Page 33 - This case, when broadly regarded, involves a question of the highest national importance. What is to be our policy with respect to the movement of traffic ? Shall the country be treated as a whole for commercial purposes, or shall it be infinitely divided ? In our postal service we deal with the country as a unit. As to our railroads there is no uniform policy, even upon the same lines or systems.