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The Religion of Socialism: Being Essays in Modern Socialist Criticism
Ernest Belfort Bax
No preview available - 2016
abstract Anarchism ancient antagonism Aryan races basis become bourgeois capital capitalist ceased century character Christian civilisation classical commercial commodities concrete conscience course culture distinction duction economic embodied Empire English enthusiasm essentially ethics exchange exchange-value existence expression fact feudal French Revolution Greek guild Hence honour human ideal ignoratio elenchi implied indi individual individualist industry interest Karl Pearson labour labour-force land Leroy-Beaulieu less liberty living machinery Marx means mediaeval ment merely Middle Ages middle-class modern moral movement nature negation numbers organisation passed period phase political possession present primitive communism principle production progress proletariat Protestantism races realised reality recognise relation religion religious rest revolution Roman Scientific Socialism sense sentiment sham side slave social Socialist society stage supernatural surplus value tendency things third estate tion to-day tribe Utopian Socialism vidual wealth whole words workman
Page 64 - The fact that half a day's labour is necessary to keep the labourer alive during 24 hours does not in any way prevent him from working a whole day.
Page 50 - In what sense Socialism is not religious will be now clear. It utterly despises the " other world " with all its stage properties — that is, the present objects of religion. In what sense it is not irreligious will be also, I think, tolerably clear. It brings back religion from heaven to earth, which, as we have sought to show, was its original sphere. It looks beyond the present moment or the present individual life though not, indeed, to another world, but to another and a higher social life...
Page 92 - We are told, with a moral bluntness which strangely contrasts with a profession of lofty social aims, that " to the socialist labour is an evil to be minimized to the utmost, the man who works at his trade or avocation more than necessity compels him, or who accumulates more than he can enjoy, is not a hero, but a fool, from the socialist standpoint, and thrift is contemptuously discarded.
Page 65 - Hitherto it is questionable if all the mechanical inventions yet made have lightened the day's toil of any human being. They have enabled a greater population to live the same life of drudgery and imprisonment, and an increased number of manufacturers and others to make fortunes.
Page 124 - No, the foreign policy of the great international Socialist party must be to break up these hideous race monopolies called empires, beginning in each case at home. Hence everything which makes for the disruption and disintegration of the empire to which he belongs must be welcomed by the Socialist as an ally.
Page 124 - Race-pride and class-pride are, from the standpoint of Socialism, involved in the same condemnation. The establishment of Socialism, therefore, on any national or race basis is out of the question.
Page 67 - Apart from natural exhaustion through age, etc., I must be able on the morrow to work with the same normal amount of force, health, and freshness as today. You preach to me constantly the gospel of "saving
Page 79 - Socialism has been well described as a new conception of the world presenting itself in industry as co-operative Communism, in politics as international Republicanism, in religion as atheistic Humanism, by which is meant the recognition of social progress as our being's highest end and aim.
Page 50 - ... the present objects of religion. In what sense it is not irreligious will be also, I think, tolerably clear. It brings back religion from heaven to earth, which, as we have sought to show, was its original sphere. It looks beyond the present moment or the present individual life, indeed, though not to another world, but to another and a higher social life in this world. It is in the hope and the struggle for this higher social life, everwidening, ever-intensifying, whose ultimate possibilities...
Page 75 - ... sucked into great empires. Finally, the religious aspect of our capitalistic civilisation is dogmatic Protestantism. The Reformation which began among the middle classes has continued, generally speaking, to coincide with them. The predominantly commercial states of Christendom are the predominantly Protestant ones, while even in Catholic countries the main strength of the Protestant minority lies in the trading classes. The religious creed of the capitalist bourgeoisie is dogma, minus sacerdotalism....