A Treatise on the Culture of the Apple & Pear and on the Manufacture of Cider & Perry

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H. Procter, 1797 - Apple - 162 pages
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Page 43 - ... pea, in which the males had previously been destroyed, were impregnated with the farina of a large claycoloured kind with purple blossoms. The produce of the seeds thus obtained were of a dark gray colour, but these having no fixed habits, were soon changed by cultivation into a numerous variety of...
Page 7 - The exiftence of every variety of this fruit, appears to be confined to a certain period, during the earlier parts of which only, it can be propagated with advantage to the planter.
Page 7 - It was perhaps this circumstance that led Mr. Knight to remark, that from the description Parkinson has given of the apples cultivated in his time, it is evident that those now known by the same names, are different, and probably new varieties. But this is no evidence of such being the case, for I find there were two sorts of Golden Pippin, the
Page 51 - English horticulturist, asserts, that, "when the rind and pulp are green, the cider •will always be thin, weak and colorless ; and when these are deeply tinged with yellow, it will, however manufactured, or in whatever soil the fruit may have grown, almost always possess color and either strength or richness.
Page 153 - ... off may be known. The thick scum that collects on the surface of cider rarely appears in the juice of the pear, and during the time of the suspension of its fermentation, the excessive brightness of the former liquor is seldom seen in the latter ; but when the fruit has been regularly ripe, its produce will generally become moderately clear and quiet in a few days after it is made, and it should then be drawn off from its grosser lees. In the after management of perry the process is the same...
Page 96 - ... purpose on a large scale, and the improvement of the liquor will not nearly pay the expense of erecting them. It may reasonably be supposed that much water is absorbed by the fruit in a rainy season, but the quantity of juice yielded by any given quantity of fruit will be found to diminish, as...
Page 4 - ... vary. Therefore, he fays, ' By taking advantage of incidental variations, and by propagating from thofe individuals which approach neareft to our ideas of perfection, improved varieties of fruit, as well as of animals, are obtained. Much attention has in the prefent day been paid to the improvement of the latter, whilft the former have been almoft entirely neglccled : probably from an opinion that thefe, being natives of warmer climates, of neceflity degenerate in this.
Page 71 - ... shallow, their growth will of course be less luxuriant, and they will consequently require less room. But in low and sheltered situations, and in deep and rich soils, wider intervals should be allowed. In the former instances, twelve yards between each row, and six between each tree are sufficient: in the latter, twenty-four yards between each row, and eight between each tree will not be too much. Pruning is not in general use; the most approved method is, that of rendering thin, and pervious...
Page 44 - ... blossoms with the farina of another white kind. In this experiment the seeds, which grew towards the point of the pod, and were by position first exposed to the action of the male, would sometimes produce seeds like it in colour, whilst those at the other end would follow the female. " In other instances the whole produce of the pod would take the colour of one or. other of the parents ; and I had once an instance in which two peas at one end of a pod, produced white seeds like the male, two...
Page 10 - It is said that all efforts which have hitherto been made to propagate healthy trees, of those varieties which have...

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