Jeanie, an 'army of One': Mrs. Nassau Senior, 1828-1877, the First Woman in Whitehall
This first full biography of Mrs. Nassau Senior, 1822–1877, tells how an extraordinary woman escaped from the constraints of Victorian domesticity to become the first woman in Whitehall and one of Britain’s great social reformers. An ardent Christian Socialist radical, like her brother Thomas Hughes (author of Tom Brown’s Schooldays), Jeanie Senior pioneered social work with Octavia Hill, co-founded the British Red Cross in the Franco-Prussian war and battled as ‘Government Inspector’ on behalf of exploited Workhouse girls. She was ferociously attacked for advocating the fostering of all pauper orphans rather than their incarceration and for indicting Workhouse ‘Barrack’ schools for producing prostitution fodder. Her fight to defend her findings against male hostility politicized her and she became an icon for the late 19th century women’s movement. … Jeanie Senior was also a significant figure in the worlds of art, music and literature, even being, it is argued here, the vital inspiration for her friend George Eliot in creating Dorothea, heroine of Middlemarch. Her life was a great ‘human story’ as she struggled in the teeth of multiple bereavement, an unhappy marriage and cancer in order to rescue others more desperate and vulnerable still. Florence Nightingale told her she had been ‘a noble Army of one’ and later grieved that her ‘premature death was a national and irreparable loss’.
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Chapter Two Being Mrs Nassau Senior 18481853
Chapter Three Enter Watts and Merimee 18521856
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Adelaide Sartoris Anny Thackeray appointment April asked boarding-out boys British brother Caroline Stephen chapter child Courtesy daughter dear death December District Schools Dorothea Elm House Father February feel feminist Florence Nightingale Frances Power Cobbe George Eliot Government Board happy Hastings heart Henrietta Synnot Hill's hope Inspector James Stansfeld Jane January Jeanie Hughes Jeanie Senior Jeanie's Julia Margaret Cameron lady letter live London MABYS March Margaret Hughes marriage married Mary Merimee Middlemarch Milne Collier Papers Minnie Miss mother Mussy Nassau John Nassau Senior Nassau William Senior never November Octavia Hill October Pamela Milne Paris pauper girls Pauper Schools Poor Law Prosper Merimee Rugby September servant singing sister social talk tell thing Thomas Hughes Tom Hughes Tufnell Tufnell's Victorian wanted Watts wife woman women Workhouse Workhouse School writing wrote year-old young