Popular Religion and Shamanism

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Xisha Ma, Huiying Meng
BRILL, Feb 14, 2011 - Literary Criticism - 499 pages
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Popular Religion and Shamanism addresses two areas of religion within Chinese society; the lay teachings that Chinese scholars term folk or “popular” religion, and shamanism. Each area represents a distinct tradition of scholarship, and the book is therefore split into two parts. Part I: Popular Religion discusses the evolution of organized lay movements over an arc of ten centuries. Its eight chapters focus on three key points: the arrival and integration of new ideas before the Song dynasty, the coalescence of an intellectual and scriptural tradition during the Ming, and the efflorescence of new organizations during the late Qing. Part II: Shamanism reflects the revived interest of scholars in traditional beliefs and culture that reemerged with the “open” policy in China that occurred in the 1970s. Two of the essays included in this section address shamanism in northeast China where the traditions played an important role in the cultures of the Manchu, Mongol, Sibe, Daur, Oroqen, Evenki, and Hezhen. The other essay discusses divination rites in a local culture of southwest China.
 

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Contents

Introduction
3
Chapter One The Syncretism of Maitreyan Belief and Manichaeism in Chinese History
19
Chapter Two A Study on Equivalent Names of Manichaeism in Chinese
55
Chapter Three On the Rise Decline and Evolution of the ThreeinOne Teaching
123
Chapter Four The Evolution of the Luo Teaching and the Formation of Green Gang
167
Another Case of Transformation from Confucian Academic Group to Religious Sect
207
Chapter Six Exploring the History of the Yihetuan
255
Chapter Seven A Preliminary Investigation on the Early History of the Way of Penetrating Unity and Its Relationship with the Yihetuan
293
Bibliography
339
Part II Shamanism
349
Introduction
351
Case Studies in Eastern Inner Mongolia
353
Chapter Ten Characteristics of Shamanism of the Tungusic Speaking People
375
Chapter Eleven Daba Beliefs and Written Script
423
Bibliography
485
Index
495

Chapter Eight Women in the Secret Popular Religions of the Ming and Qing Dynasties
315

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