Kids Talk: Strategic Language Use in Later Childhood
Susan M. Hoyle, Carolyn Temple Adger
Oxford University Press, 1998 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 290 pages
Between early childhood and adulthood, language acquisition is succeeded by a bloom of repertoire for managing interaction, a growing sensitivity to the relation of language and society, an expanding ability to wield power through the strategic use of language, and an increasing sophistication in framing speech activities. This book examines a wide range of language practices among school-age children and teenagers, using data from naturally occurring recorded talk and from careful observation of interaction in peer groups. The contributors analyze talk at play, at school, and at work, documenting the growing communicative skills of young people while always focusing on what young speakers themselves do with (and through) language. Theoretical constructs to which the contributors appeal include Goffman's notion of footing and Hymes' communicative competence, as well as multiple characterizations of discourse structure. The chapters show older children as strategic language users, dynamic actors who are often concerned with defining themselves as a distinctive group, different from adults, yet who just as often display proficiency at sophisticated discourse activities that presage those of adulthood.
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academic Adger adolescents adult African American alignment Alvaro Andrea audience behavior Betty bilingual Black Bonita boys Carla chapter classroom coach code-switching collaborative floor construct contrast conversation culture Dara dialect discourse discourse markers discussion display evaluation example experience gesture girls gonna Goodwin group members Hector Henry hopscotch identity imagistic interaction interview Jihad Josh language Larry Bird Latinos laughs leader learning lesson linguistic Lisa Matt modality narratives noisy talk norms Observer Okay older children overlapping Paca participation Pee Wee Herman peer performance play player practices Puerto Rican Puerto Rican Spanish question response ritual role Rumpelstiltskin Sara sexual shared shift skills social sociolinguistic Spanish speak speakers Special Olympics speech sportscaster standard English Steph Stephanie story structure task teacher teens tion Tony topic turn vector of activity Venn diagram verbal vernacular voice word search writing Yeah young