Women in Republican China: A Sourcebook

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M.E. Sharpe, Jun 18, 1999 - History - 239 pages
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The original essays in this sourcebook reflect a time of great political and social ferment in early twentieth century China, a time when women especially were subject to the vicissitudes of war, modernization, and rapid social change. The authors, a distinguished group of leader activists of the May Fourth Movement, women and men, discuss and debate across a broad range of theoretical and practical issues revolving around the woman question. They bring a compelling perspective to the lives of Chinese women in the context of the great events that shaped twentieth century China.
 

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Contents

The Way of Confucius and Modern Life
5
My Views on Chastity
8
Is This Also a Human Being?
18
Emancipating Women by Reorganizing the Family
21
How Can We Honor Women?
26
A Refutation of Yang Xiaochuns Against Public Childcare
28
Freedom of Marriage and Democracy
36
Public Childcare and Public Dining Halls
40
The Condition of Female Education in Jinan
135
Thoughts on Women
141
A Few Words of Encouragement
144
Womens Emancipation
147
The Question of Womens Character
151
The Woman Question in China Emancipation from a Trap
158
The Emancipation of Chinese Women
164
The Great Inappropriateness of Womens Emancipation
168

Love and Socializing Between Men and Women
44
The Debate over Love and Open Socializing Between Men and Women
46
My View on the Issue of Divorce
49
The New Years Sacrifice
51
My Marriage
73
The New Women Martyrs
75
The Question of Miss Zhaos Personality
79
Concerning the Incident of Miss Zhaos Suicide
80
Commentary on Miss Zhaos Suicide
83
The Evils of Society and Miss Zhao
85
The Biography of Li Chao
89
Words Spoken at Miss Li Chaos Memorial Service
100
The Incident of Miss Xi Shangzhens Suicide at the Office of the Commercial Press
102
In Memory of Miss Liu Hezhen
110
Womens Education
117
My Plan for Womens Emancipation and My Plan for SelfImprovement
121
A Plan for Womens Development
125
Report on Yanjing Universitys Ceremony to Celebrate the Beginning of Coeducation
130
The Womens Improvement Societys Hopes for Women
171
Women of the Advanced Country
173
Womens Careers
174
What Happens after Nora Leaves Home?
176
Women and Social Activism
183
The Postwar Woman Question
187
The Place of Chinese Christian Women in the Development of China
193
Vanguard Women
197
Womens Right to Vote
206
How Do We Make the Womens Movement Truly Powerful?
208
I Think
212
The Woman Question and Socialism
213
The Center of the Womens Rights Movement Should Move to the Fourth Class
217
Works Cited
221
Glossary
225
Index
229
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Page 10 - Chastity used to be a virtue for men as well as women, hence the references to "chaste gentlemen" in our literature. However, the chastity that is extolled today is for women only — men have no part in it. According to contemporary moralists, a chaste woman is one who does not remarry or run off with a lover after her husband's death, while the earlier her husband dies and the poorer her family, the more chaste it is possible for her to be. In addition, there are two other types of chaste...
Page xxv - Kumari Jayawardena, Feminism and Nationalism in the Third World (London: Zed Books, 1986). Partha Chatterjee in The Nation and Its Fragments (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993), Amrita Chhaachhi in "Forced Identities: The State, Communalism, Fundamentalism and Women in India," in Women, Islam and the State, ed.
Page 5 - Confucians have based their teachings on their ethical norms. Sons and wives possess neither personal individuality nor personal property. Fathers and elder brothers bring up their sons and younger brothers and are in turn supported by them. It is said in chapter 30 of the Record of Rites: "While parents are living, the son dares not regard his person or property as his own
Page xxv - Feminist Theory: from Margin to Center (Boston: South End Press, 1984); and Patricia Hill Collins, Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment (Boston: Unwin Hyman, 1990).

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