Dictionary of National Biography, Volume 4

Front Cover
Smith Elder, 1885 - Great Britain
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Page 269 - NATURE has placed mankind under the governance of two sovereign masters, pain and pleasure. It is for them alone to point out what we ought to do, as well as to determine what we shall do. On the one hand the standard of right and wrong, on the other the chain of causes and effects, are fastened to their throne. They govern us in all we do, in all we say, in all we think; every effort we can make to throw off our subjection will serve but to demonstrate and confirm it.
Page 307 - ... action and force may be conveyed from one to another, is to me so great an absurdity, that I believe no man who has in philosophical matters a competent faculty of thinking can ever fall into it. Gravity must be caused by an agent acting constantly according to certain laws ; but whether this agent be material or immaterial I have left to the consideration of my readers."* Faraday does not see the same difficulty in his contiguous particles.
Page 307 - WHEN I wrote my treatise about our system, I had an eye upon such principles as might work with considering men for the belief of a Deity ; and nothing can rejoice me more than to find it useful for that purpose.
Page 269 - Morals reformed - health preserved - industry invigorated- instruction diffused - public burthens lightened- Economy seated, as it were, upon a rock - the gordian knot of the Poor-Laws not cut, but untied - all by a simple idea in architecture!
Page 156 - Commentaries on the Laws of Scotland, and on the Principles of mercantile Jurisprudence, considered in relation to Bankruptcy, Competitions of Creditors, and Imprisonment for Debt.
Page 337 - Literary History of the Middle Ages ; comprehending an Account of the State of Learning from the Close of the Reign of Augustus to its Revival in the Fifteenth Century.
Page 38 - KARAMANIA; OR, A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE SOUTH COAST OF ASIA MINOR. And of the Remains of Antiquity : with Maps, Plans, Views, &c.
Page 269 - By utility is meant that property in any object, whereby it tends to produce benefit, advantage, pleasure, good, or happiness (all this in the present case comes to the same thing), or (what comes again to the same thing) to prevent the happening of mischief, pain, evil, or unhappiness to the party whose interest is considered...
Page 307 - You sometimes speak of gravity as essential and inherent to matter. Pray do not ascribe that notion to me, for the cause of gravity is what I do not pretend to know, and therefore would take more time to consider of it.
Page 348 - So much understanding, so much knowledge, so much innocence, and such humility, I did not think had been the portion of any but angels, till I saw this gentleman.

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