How can effective international environmental governance be promoted in harmonization with trade governance?: a case study of the biosafety regime
The purpose of this thesis is to explore how international environmental governance can be promoted in concert with trade governance. The first part analyzes the structural characteristics of trade and environmental governance, and identifies the overlap or synergies between the two areas of governance. The second part takes the emerging biosafety regime as a case study of the potential for both conflict and synergy between a multilateral environmental agreement (MEA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) rules. In particular, the focus is on the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety and the WTO agreements. The third part looks at ongoing attempts to create interaction between trade and environmental governance, based on the biosafety case study. Additionally, by identifying the strengths and weaknesses of existing international environmental governance, it asks how international environmental governance can establish a mutually supportive relationship with trade governance.
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The Emerging Biosafety Regime
The Relationship with NonParties
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Advanced Informed Agreement Appellate Body areas of governance Article 5.7 Basel Convention Baumuller Biological Diversity Biosafety Protocol biosafety regime Brack & Gray Cartagena Protocol Convention on Biological cooperation decision developing countries dispute avoidance dispute settlement system economic enhance ensure compliance environmental problems Esty GATT Genetically Modified Organisms human health Ibid implementation importing Party information available online institutional Int'l international environmental governance International Environmental Law last visited living modified organisms LMOs Loibl MEA Secretariats Montreal Protocol Multilateral Environmental Agreements negotiations NGOs non-compliance non-parties obligations observer status ozone Panel participation Preamble precautionary measures precautionary principle procedure Protocol on Biosafety provides relationship relevant savings clause Shrimp-Turtle SPS Agreement SPS measures supra note 93 TBT Agreement trade and environment trade and environmental trade measures transboundary movement treaty Tuna-Dolphin UNDP UNEP Vienna Convention visited on 25 World Trade Organization WTO Agreements WTO dispute settlement WTO Doc WTO Members WTO rules