Pavement Structural Design Practices
This synthesis will be of interest to traffic engineers, highway design engineers, and others concerned with the operation, safety, and design of the roadway environment. Information is presented on a variety of advance warning devices that are used by state and local agencies to advise motorists of unusual or dangerous road conditions. This synthesis describes the state of the art with respect to these devices. This report of the Transportation Research Board describes more than 340 such devices that have been applied and are in keeping with accepted traffic engineering principles, but are not presently included in the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD). Both active and passive warning devices are presented in the following general categories: environmental conditions (e.g., snow and ice), heavy vehicles, school zones, pedestrian crossings, rail-highway grade crossings, roadway cross sections, congestion and queues, and others. The purpose and characteristics of each device are described, including any information available on their effectiveness, cost, or other features. A drawing of each device is shown to aid the reader in visualizing the device.
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l3 CHAPTER nrruarz RIGID PAVEMENT DESIGN
ELEMENTS COMMON T0 rucrn AND FLEXIBLE
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1986 AASHTO procedure AASHO Road Test AASI-ITO AC overlays asphalt concrete Asphalt Institute axle loads Caltrans CBR CBR CRCP deﬂection Department of Transportation Design of Pavement developed engineering judgement existing pavement Federal Highway Administration FHWA FIGURE ﬁve Flexible ﬂexible and rigid ﬂexible pavement frost Highway Research Board Highway Research Program Hveem intemal drainage joints life-cycle cost analysis Mainline Trafﬁc Marshall Grading mechanistic models ment modiﬁcation NA NA NA National Academy NCHRP North Dakota overlay design procedures overlay thickness overlays of rigid pave pavement design procedure pavement materials pavement overlay design pavement performance pavement research Pavement Structures pavement testing Pennsylvania permeable bases permeable material Portland Cement Association portland cement concrete Reﬂection Cracking Reinforced Concrete Pavement resilient modulus testing rigid pavement design shoulder design signiﬁcant speciﬁc Standard Thickness structural section subgrade surface synthesis Texas trafﬁc loading Transportation Research Board treated permeable U.S. Army U.S. Department Washington D.C. X X X