Cathay and the Way Thither: Being a Collection of Medieval Notices of China, Issue 37

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Sir Henry Yule
Hakluyt Society, 1866 - China

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Shabat or Shabait, which he heard of in India. It was a very large place on the Indian seas, two months' voyage from Dabul, one month's voyage from Ceylon, and twenty days from Pegu. P. 324 +++++++++++++ From Kaulam I went to Calicut, where I remained some days. I intended at first to return to Dehli, but on second thoughts I had fears as to the consequences of such a step. So I embarked again, and after a passage of 28 days, I arrived at ZHAFÁR.[1] This was in the month of Moharram, of the year 48 (April or May, 1347).[2] I took up my quarters with the city preacher, 'Isa Ibn Thátha. P.513 ///////// [1] Zhafar or Dhofar, one of the now decayed ports of Arabia, on the coast of Hadhramaut. It is spoken of by Marco Polo as a beautiful, large, and noble city (iii, 41), but probably from report only. Ibn Batuta seems chiefly struck by the flies and stench in the bazar (ii, 196). [2] At p. 425 I have pointed out generally that this date is inconsistent with previous statements. Let me sum up the intervals assigned to the different sections of his expedition to China : Those previous statements would make the time of his second visit ///////////// to the Maldive Islands fall at least as late as August, 1346. He is 43 days on the voyage thence to Chittagong, and 40 days on that from Sonarganw to Sumatra. It is not stated how long was the intervening time spent in Bengal, but he waited at Sumatra a fortnight, " till the right season for the voyage to China had arrived," and this must have been the termination of the N.E. monsoon, about March, 1347; or the commencement of the S.W. monsoon, a little later. The voyage to China occupies time as follows :—To Mul-Jaws 21 days, stay there 3 ; to the Calm Sea 34, on that sea to Tawalisi 37, stay there say 3 ; to Zaitun 17, total 115 days, and time of arrival about July or August. The interval occupied by his journey in China may be thus estimated : stay at Zaitun probably not less than 10 days, voyage to Canton 27, stay there 14, back say 27, stay again at Zaitun say 4: journey to Kanjanfa 10, stay there 15; to Baiwam Kotlu 4, to Khansa 17, stay at Khansa at least 20; to Khanbalik 64, stay there not specified, but probably not less than 60 days: voyage back to Zaitun say the same as before, omitting stoppages, i.e. 95 days. This makes the whole time over which his travels in China extended 367 days, and would bring the season of his sailing for India again to July or August. His voyage as far as Sumatra then occupies 112 days, he passes about 60 days there, is 40 days in sailing to Kaulam, stops a while, say 15 days, at Kaulam and Calicut, and reaches Zhafar in a voyage of 28, in all 255 days, which brings us to March or April, agreeing with the time assigned in the text for his arrival at Dhafar, but April in 1349, not April in 1347. The former date is, however, quite inconsistent with that assigned for his arrival in his native country (November, 1349) ; nor would perhaps even Apri11348 allow the traveller of thosedays to accomplish all that Ibn Batuta did in the interval, especially as he gives several consistent intermediate dates between his arrival at Dhafar and his reaching Fez. P.514 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ sometimes words missused ::::::::::::::::: The journey from Attok to Peshawur is said to have occupied two months. Now, as the distance is about thirty miles, this is absurd. It is, therefore, not improbable that it may have been entered in Goes's notes as "11 mensil" (Pers. manzil, a stage or march), and that this was understood by the Italians as "II menses." P.538  

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