A Tale of Two Factions: Myth, Memory, and Identity in Ottoman Egypt and Yemen
Reevaluates the foundation myths of two rival factions in Egypt during the Ottoman era.
This revisionist study reevaluates the origins and foundation myths of the Faqaris and Qasimis, two rival factions that divided Egyptian society during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, when Egypt was the largest province in the Ottoman Empire. In answer to the enduring mystery surrounding the factions’ origins, Jane Hathaway places their emergence within the generalized crisis that the Ottoman Empire—like much of the rest of the world—suffered during the early modern period, while uncovering a symbiosis between Ottoman Egypt and Yemen that was critical to their formation. In addition, she scrutinizes the factions’ foundation myths, deconstructing their tropes and symbols to reveal their connections to much older popular narratives. Drawing on parallels from a wide array of cultures, she demonstrates with striking originality how rituals such as storytelling and public processions, as well as identifying colors and emblems, could serve to reinforce factional identity.
Jane Hathaway is Associate Professor of History at Ohio State University, the author of The Politics of Households in Ottoman Egypt: The Rise of the Qazdag ̈lis, and editor of Rebellion, Repression, Reinvention: Mutiny in Comparative Perspective.
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Origin Myths of the Factions
1 Bilateral Factionalism in Ottoman Egypt
Folklore and Binary Oppositions in the Factional Origin Myths
The Factions Bedouin Equivalents
4 The Yemeni Connection to Egypts Factions
The Colors of the Factions Banners
6 The Knob and the DiskThe Factions Standards
8 The Mulberry Tree in the Origin Myths
9 The Competitive Feasts of Qasim and DhulFaqar Beys
Qansuhs Slave Troop and Ridvans Circassian Geneaology
Ali Beys Mosque and the Ottoman DhulFaqar Sword
7 Selim and Sudun in the Origin Myths
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Abbasid Abu’l-Shawarib Agha Ahmed Çelebi Al-Barq al-Damurdashi Al-Durra al-Husayn al-Jabarti Al-Nahrawali al-yamani Ali’s Anatolia Arabian Arabic Azeban banners Banu Baybars bedouin Bektashi Bey’s bilateral factionalism blocs Byzantine Cairo caliph Cambridge chapter Circassian color culture Damurdashi chronicles Dhu’l-Faqar Bey early eighteenth century epic Evliya Çelebi Faqari and Qasimi fur¶siyya genealogy Ghassanid grandees Haci Haram Hasan Hathaway Haydar Hilali History Husayn Ibid idem Iran Islamic Ismail Ismaili Istanbul Janissaries Jirja Kisa Kulayb London Mamluk sultanate Mecca military Muhammad Mühimme Defteri mulberry tree Muslim Mustafa origin myth Ottoman conquest Ottoman Egypt Ottoman Empire Ottoman Rule Oxford P. M. Holt Pasha pilgrimage commander Politics of Households Prophet Qansuh Qasim Bey Qasimi factions Qaysi Qaytas Quraysh Ridvan Bey rivalry Sa˜d and Haram Safavid Selim seventeenth century Seyahatname Shahname Shi˜ite stories Sudun Sufi sword tions Topkapı Palace tradition trans tribes Turkish Umayyad University Press Yahya Yazidi York Zaydi Zaydi imam Zygulski