The Acquisition of Two Languages from Birth: A Case Study
This book deals with the question of how children exposed to two languages simultaneously from birth learn to speak those two languages. After a critical and comprehensive survey of most of the literature on the subject, the author concludes that empirically well-documented knowledge in this area is very scant indeed. The core of the book concerns a naturalistic study of a Dutch-English bilingual girl around the age of three. The study's main aim is to explore the nature of early bilingual morphosyntactic development. Detailed analyses of most aspects of this development show that a child who hears two separate languages spoken to her reflects this distinctness in the utterances she produces: each language is handled as a system in its own right. Furthermore, the young bilingual three-year-old greatly resembles her monolingual peers in either language. Both these findings, the author concludes, highlight the language-specific nature of the morphosyntactic development process. This book will interest linguists, psycholinguists, developmental psychologists, and child language specialists.
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methods and theories
aims and hypotheses
5 Language choice and Mixed utterances
6 The noun phrase
7 The verb phrase
8 Syntactic analysis
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acquired acquisition addition addressed adult adult-like analysis appear appropriate auxiliary basis bilingual bilingual children changes child choice clause clear combinations compared comparisons complex concemed consisting containing corpus Direct discussion distinction Dutch elements English English and Dutch entire evidence example express fact ﬁndings ﬁnite verb ﬁrst fonn frequently fully function further gender hypothesis inappropriate included indicated inﬂuence input instance inversion Kate Kate's knowledge language lexical items lexical verbs linguistic mainly marking means Mixed utterances modals monolingual children morpheme natural neuter non-adult-like noted noun Object occur past past participle pattem phrase plural position possible present production pronoun question recording refer regular repairs reported result rule seen sentence separate session similar simple speaker speaking speech stage stem Subject suggests syntactic Table Taeschner TAPES tense term third person singular types usage word order yes yes