Presumed Guilty: When Innocent People are Wrongly Convicted

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Prometheus Books, 1991 - Social Science - 231 pages
The American judicial system is far too often a source of injustice for the innocent rather than justice for the guilty. Despite all the alleged protections built into the trial process, a person facing criminal charges is virtually presumed guilty until proven innocent - not the reverse. Presumed Guilty is about thousands of innocent Americans who each year are convicted of serious crimes they did not commit. Many are convicted of crimes that did not even occur.

Journalist Martin Yant vividly and dramatically explains the process by which American justice is miscarried, providing carefully researched details about more than 100 wrongful convictions.

Yant's writing reveals both passion and frustration as he explains how most mistaken convictions could easily be avoided. "No criminal justice system is infallable," he writes, "but most errors aren't the result of carefully considered decisions that happen to be wrong." He cites examples of outrageous carelessness, investigations that conform facts to predetermined theories, the use of long-discredited investigative techniques, rampant prejudice, and the desire of police and prosecutors to "win" convictions at any price - even if evidence is fabricated to do so.

Yant goes on to propose achievable solutions that would not only prevent years of imprisonment for the wrongfully convicted but also save the lives of innocent individuals who face the increasingly used death penalty. Presumed Guilty reveals not only how often the American justice system goes awry, but how easily - and how quickly - it is possible to become its victim.

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Presumed guilty: when innocent people are wrongly convicted

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Most persons who are arrested are de facto guilty of something. This presumption of guilt, when it replaces the de jure presumption of innocence, leads to wrongful convictions. Yant, commentary editor ... Read full review

Contents

Justice Denied
11
Trials and Errors in Dallas
15
The Keystone Cops
45
Copyright

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About the author (1991)

Martin D. Yant is a journalist and a licensed private investigator. He has worked for the Pittsburgh Press, Chicago Daily News, Chicago Sun-Times, the Mansfield, Ohio, News Journal, and the Columbus Dispatch. He has discussed wrongful convictions and other forms of injustice on numerous TV and radio talk shows and had his investigations featured on NBC-TV's Unsolved Mysteries, The CBS Evening News, 48 Hours, A&E's American Justice, the Discovery Channel, and a German TV network. He is the author of Presumed Guilty; Desert Mirage: The True Story of the Gulf War; Tin Star Tyrants: America's Crooked Sheriffs; Rotten to the Core: Crime, Sex and Corruption in Johnny Appleseed's Hometown; and a follow-up book called Rotten to the Core 2.

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