Women-Owned Businesses (WOB) in the 21st Century
Documents the changes in WOB over time, explores disparities in the characteristics of bus. owned by women as compared to those owned by men, and discusses potential reasons for these disparities and the different outcomes that are associated with them. The focus is on proprietorships, partnerships, or any type of privately-held corp. with one or more owners. Publicly-owned co. are not included. The growth of WOB, and their performance as job creators at a time when other privately-held bus. were losing jobs, testifies to the importance of WOB to the economy. These bus. represent a potential source of future economic growth, yet they have a long way to go to achieve parity with men-owned bus. Illus. This is a print on demand report.
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bank loans business outcomes business ownership Census Bureau characteristics of business characteristics of self-employed childcare compared CPS ASEC credit scores Current Population Survey differences between women differences between women-owned discrimination disparities Economic Supplement ASEC equally-owned firms factors Fairlie and Robb female business owners financial capital firms with paid gender of owners gender of ownership Gurley-Calvez high sales Hispanic industry sectors Kauffman Firm Survey Kepler and Shane KFS data less male business owners Native Hawaiian number of businesses number of firms number of self-employed number of women-owned outsider debt ownership by gender paid employees payroll primary ownership privately-held businesses privately-held firms provides Robb and Coleman sales category sample self-employed women self-employment rates Small Business Small Business Administration sources of financing Survey of Business survival rates Table 7 indicates total sales/receipts U.S. Census Bureau U.S. Department U.S. economy women business owners women-owned and men-owned women-owned businesses grew women-owned firms work-life balance