Bolshevism: The Enemy of Political and Industrial Democracy

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Harper & brothers, 1919 - Communism - 389 pages
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Page 268 - Our epoch, the epoch of the bourgeoisie, possesses, however, this distinctive feature; it has simplified the class antagonisms. Society as a whole is more and more splitting up into two great hostile camps, into two great classes directly facing each other : Bourgeoisie and Proletariat.
Page 238 - The fundamental problem of the Constitution of the Russian Socialist Federated Soviet Republic involves, in view of the present transition period, the establishment of a dictatorship of the urban and rural proletariat and the poorest peasantry in the form of a powerful All-Russian Soviet authority, for the purpose of abolishing the exploitation of men by men and of introducing Socialism, in which there will be neither a division into classes nor a state of autocracy.
Page 268 - All previous historical movements were movements of minorities, or in the interest of minorities. The proletarian movement is the self-conscious, independent movement of the immense majority, in the interest of the immense majority.
Page 277 - All who have acquired the means of living through labor that is productive and useful to society, and also persons engaged in housekeeping, which enables the former to do productive work, ie, laborers and employees of all classes who are employed in industry, trade, agriculture, etc.; and peasants and Cossack agricultural laborers who employ no help for the purpose of making profits.
Page 298 - ... has not yet been completely destroyed. It is not sufficiently appreciated that the courts serve to attract all the poor to administration (for judicial activity is one of the functions of state administration); that the court is an organ of the rule of the proletariat and of the poorest peasantry; that the court is a means of training in discipline. There is a lack of appreciation of the simple and obvious fact that, if the chief misfortunes of Russia are famine and unemployment, these misfortunes...
Page 295 - To learn how to work — this problem the Soviet authority should present to the people in all its comprehensiveness. The last word of capitalism in this respect, the Taylor System, as well as all progressive measures of capitalism...
Page 138 - Liberty of speech and of the press; freedom for alliances, unions, and strikes, with the extension of these liberties to military officials within the limits admitted by military requirements.
Page 291 - Without the direction of specialists of different branches of knowledge, technique and experience, the transformation toward Socialism is impossible, for Socialism demands a conscious mass movement toward a higher productivity of labor in comparison with capitalism and on the basis which has been attained by capitalism.
Page 295 - We should immediately introduce piece work and try it out in practice. We should try out every scientific and progressive suggestion of the Taylor System To learn how to work — this problem the Soviet authority should present to the people in all its comprehensiveness.
Page 298 - But how can we secure a strict unity of will ? By subjecting the will of thousands to the will of one. This subjection, if the participants in the common work are ideally conscious and disciplined, may resemble the mild leading of an orchestra conductor ; it may also take the acute form of a dictatorship, if there is no ideal discipline and consciousness.

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