## ELEMENTARY ARITHMETIC, WITH BRIEF NOTICES OF ITS HISTORY |

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abstract number alloy amount annum Cambridge cent ciphers coinage concrete consist contained copper crown cubic foot cubic inches cubit denary denote digits divided dividend division divisor earth England English Eoman equivalent Euclid Euclid's Elements expressed factors farthings feet find the sum francs French gain gallon Geometrical given number grains greater greatest common measure guinea Hence hundred integer interest King least common multiple length less logarithms metre miles minutes moidore months moon multiplied Napier natural numbers notation number of decimals numerator and denominator ordinary fractions ounce pence penny pieces pire Potts pound sterling pound Troy pound weight pounds Avoirdupois prime numbers proportion quotient reckoned reduced reign remainder repeating decimals respectively Shew shillings silver sovereign square standard gold subtracted sum or difference Tower pound Troy weight units University of Cambridge weights and measures worth yards

### Popular passages

Page 13 - ... the ratio of the ovendry weight of a sample to the weight of a volume of water equal to the volume of the sample at some specific moisture content, as green, air-dry, or ovendry.

Page 30 - ... to give light upon the earth, and to rule over the day, and over the night, to be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and for years.

Page 2 - And king Solomon sent and fetched Hiram out of Tyre. He was a widow's son of the tribe of Naphtali, and his father was a man of Tyre, a worker in brass: and he was filled with wisdom, and understanding, and cunning to work all works in brass. And he came to king Solomon, and wrought all his work.

Page 3 - The logarithm of the root of a number is found by dividing the logarithm of the number by the index of the root. For, У2 = %/Ï0^ = 10*.

Page 16 - The Quotient is the number of times the divisor is contained in the dividend. The Remainder is the part of the dividend which is left undivided.

Page 20 - In using an imperial measure of capacity, the same shall not be heaped, but either shall be stricken with a round stick or roller, straight and of the same diameter from end to end...

Page 22 - ... standard yard is given by the interval between the middle transversal line at one end and the middle transversal line at the other end, the part of each line which is employed being the point midway between the longitudinal lines; and the said points are in this Act referred to as the centres of the said gold plugs or pins ; and such bar is marked " copper 16 oz., tin 2|, zinc 1. " Mr. Baily's metal. No. 1 standard yard at " G2°- 00 Fahrenheit. Cast in 1845. Troughton

Page 58 - My lord, I have undertaken this long journey purposely to see your person, and to know by what engine of wit or ingenuity you came first to think of this most excellent help into astronomy, viz. the logarithms ; but, my lord, being by you found out, I wonder nobody else found it out before, when now known it is so easy.

Page 25 - JAMES, by the grace of God, king of England, France, and Ireland, defender of the faith; and of Scotland the seven and fortieth.

Page 58 - Mr. Briggs, to his great contentment.. He brings Mr. Briggs up into my lord's chamber, where almost one quarter of an hour was spent, each beholding other almost with admiration before one word was spoke.