Hitler's Spanish Legion: The Blue Division in Russia
Though well publicized in Europe, and with enormous bibliographic resources in German and Spanish, on which this history principally draws, the famous Spanish Blue Division--Franco's military and diplomatic ploy in World War II--is very little known in this country, as this first full, analytical account in English attests. For nearly three years, August 1941-March 1944, 47,000 Spanish soldiers served under German command on the Russian front, two of those years con負inuously in the line in the siege of Leningrad. There were 22,000 casu苔lties, of which 4,500 were killed in ac負ion or died of wounds, disease, or frost苑ite. Less than 300 prisoners of war finally were repatriated in 1954. The story of these Spanish volunteers told here, largely from original Spanish and German archival sources, in the graphic detail of a military history cover虹ng the major battles of the Russo-German war, gives an entirely different perspective to the siege of Leningrad which is neither Communist nor Nazi but Mediterranean. Though focusing on the military as計ects of the Blue Division's campaigns, amply illustrated with maps and docu衫ented with detailed military rolls, this big book captures the highly charged diplomatic history of the time. The Spanish expeditionary force joined Army Group North as the 250th Infantry Di赳ision in the German order of battle. But in culture, command structure, and tactics, the Blue Division was worlds apart from the other elements of the Wehrmacht. Thinking of themselves as warriors, as opposed to soldiers, the Spaniards fought with great courage and dash. Masters of improvisation, they lived off the countryside, regarded the Russians as human beings, and often formed strong bonds with the peasants--so strong that the Russian population often protected the Spaniards from both the Red Army and the partisans.
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Hitler's Spanish Legion: The Blue Division in Russia in WWII
Gerald R. Kleinfeld,Lewis Tambs
Limited preview - 2014
126 Division 16 Army 250 Division 2d Section antitank Army Group North Arrese arrived artillery Asensio assault attack batteries Berlin Blanco Blue Division Busch Captain Caudillo Chappuis chief of staff Chudovo colonel commander Company December Divisidn Azul Division Azul divisional DOPS Esteban Infantes Falange Falangist February Fiihrer fire force Franco front German grenade Grigorovo guripas highway Hitler Ibid infantry Informaciones izbas Izhora January Jordana July kilometers Kleffel Kolpino Krasni Bor Lake Il'men Lake Ladoga Leeb legion Leningrad Liaison Staff Lieutenant Likus Lindemann Madrid Manstein March Battalion Martinez Esparza Meretskov military Motorized Mufioz Munoz Grandes Nord November Novgorod October officers Oroquieta Otenskii Posad railroad Regiment Reinlein Report Rifle Division road Roques Russian Sablino Sagrado Sappers Second of 269 sector September 1942 Serrano Suner Sitno soldiers Soviet Spain Spaniards Spanish tanks Tikhvin troops Villegas Volkhov volunteers Wehrmacht wounded XXXVIII Corps