Music Theory in Seventeenth-century England
The fundamental changes that resulted in the development of the Baroque style around the turn of the seventeenth century also had a profound effect on music theory. As musicians began to adopt new approaches to composition, authors gradually became aware that the theories on which theyrelied, some of which dated back to medieval times, were largely obsolete. Thus, over the course of the seventeenth century, there occurred a complete transformation in almost every aspect of theory: by the 1720s, many of the principles being described bore close relation to those still used today. Nowhere was this metamorphosis clearer than in England where, because of a traditional emphasis on practicality, there was much more willingness to accept and encourage new theoretical ideas than on the continent. By tracing the progress of both rudimentary and more advanced compositional theoriesin English treatises, Dr Herissone provides a detailed and comprehensive commentary on musical developments during the period.
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Art of Descant bass viol Bukofzer Butler cadences Campion Chan and Kassler chord chromatic scale clefs coincidence theory Compose composition concords consonance Cooper Coperario counterpoint Crotchets described discords dissonance duple Easy Imroduction edition eighteenth century Englische Musiktheorie English theorists examples explained fifth flat fourth gamut diagram harmony Harpsicord hexachords ibid imitation imperfect Imroduction 1694 included instructions instrumental intervals John Playford Keller London Mace Malcolm Measure mentioned metre minor seventh minor sixth modes moods Morley Morley's Musicall Grammarian musicians Musiek Nicola Matteis notation note values octave Ornithoparcus perfect pitch Plain and Easy Play ford Playford Playford's Introduction practice Principles of Musik prolation proportion Purcell Purcell's Ravenscroft Roger North rudiments Ruff rules Salmon scale semibreve semitone seventeenth century seventh sharp signs Simpson Singing sixth solmization Song suspensions syllables tablature tactus theory third thoroughbass tonal treble triple triple metres tunes violin writing Zarlino