Nationalism and language in Kurdistan, 1918-1985
This is the first comprehensive study (in any language) of the historical, literary and sociolinguistic foundations of Kurdish nationalism and the conflict with the Iraqi state since its emergence under the British mandate. While it is focused on the Kurds of Iraq, the conflict between the Kurds and the central governments of Turkey, Iran, Syria and the USSR receives adequate research attention. Language is the most important indicator of Kurdish identity. The right to native-tongue education and media has been the most important demand of Kurdish nationalism in the post-WW I period. In their attempt to survive linguistic genocide, Kurdish intellectuals, political activists, and religious leaders struggled for the development of a unified national language. Standardization is treated as language development, similar and closely related to social, economic, and political development. The approach here is interdisciplinary, cutting across a number of fields in social sciences -- sociolinguistics, political science, mass media studies, education, and policy studies.
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According administration Arabic alphabet Arabic language Arbil Baghdad book publishing broadcasting century chapter codification countries cultural diacritics dictionary Edmonds especially grammar Hawrami Ibid Iran Iranian Iraq Iraqi government Islamic Khal Khani Kirkuk Kurdish Academy Kurdish alphabet Kurdish areas Kurdish books Kurdish Democratic Party Kurdish Journalism Kurdish language Kurdish nationalism Kurdish nationalists Kurdish Students Kurdistan Kurds Kurmanji letters lexical lexicography linguicide linguistic literary literature liwa magazine Mahabad Mandate modern monolingual Mosul Mukri Mukriyani native tongue education Nebez norm official language organizations orthography Ottoman period Persian phonemes poetry poets political population primary school printing prose qadhas Radio Rawandiz reform regime Republic Rojt Roman Sanandaj scientific secondary school Shaikh social Sorani Sorani dialect sources Soviet speakers standard language station SUBCHAPTER subdialects Sulaymaniya Sulemani Syria Table 30 teachers Tehran textbooks titles Total translated Turkey Turkish unification USSR vocabulary vowels Wahby words writing written Zabihi