Eight Theories of Ethics
Routledge, Apr 22, 2004 - Philosophy - 232 pages
Is it possible to study ethics objectively, or are moral judgements inevitably subjective? Are ancient theories of ethics of any contemporary relevance? Which ethical theory offers the most convincing explanation of how best to live one's life?
Eight Theories of Ethics is a comprehensive introduction to the theories of ethics encountered by first-time students. Gordon Graham introduces the fundamental concepts that underpin ethics, such as relativism and objectivity, and then devotes his attention to each of the eight major theories of ethics:
* naturalism and virtue theory
Throughout the book, Gordon Graham draws on examples from great moral philosophers such as Aristotle, Kant and Mill, and also from contemporary debates over human nature, the environment and citizenship.
Eight Theories of Ethics is written in an engaging and student-friendly style, with detailed suggestions for further reading at the end of each chapter - including original sources and contemporary discussions. It is ideal for anyone coming to this area of philosophy for the first time, and for those studying ethics in related disciplines such as politics, law, nursing and medicine.
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absurd accept act utilitarianism action agree answer appeal argument Aristotle Aristotle’s behaviour belief Bentham called Callicles categorical imperative chapter choice choose Christian claim conception concerned consent consequences consequentialist consider counter-examples course Cyrenaics David Hume desire distinction doctrine ethics ethology Euthyphro dilemma evil example existence existentialism existentialist explain fact faith famous Greatest Happiness Principle hedonism hedonists Hobbes’s human Hume idea imply important individual instance interests Kant Kant’s Kantian Kierkegaard live logical matter means Mill Mill’s moral philosophy moral realism morally right natural Nazi Nietzsche Nietzsche’s objective one’s pain person philosophical Plato pleasure point of view possible practical reason problem problem of evil promise psychological egoism question rational egoism religion religious reply responsibility right and wrong rule utilitarian Sartre seems sense Sisyphus social sociobiology Socrates someone sort subjective suppose theory things thought tion true truth ‹bermensch utility