An Essay Towards a New Theory of Vision
Forming a triangle of British empiricism with Locke and Hume, George Berkeley's direct influence on modern thought cannot be overstated. From the American Founding Fathers, who looked to him as the pioneer of their idealism, to the reality-questioning motives of quantum physics, Berkeley's odd yet profound view of the nature of human awareness, a sense he trusted implicitly, has in turn shaped our perception of the universe at large. His 1709 "Essay Towards a New Theory of Vision" reads like the ramblings of a madman-and he was, in fact, dismissed as such in his time-but his discussion of perception, distance, parallelism, magnitude, and other elements of vision, presented as 160 suppositions, is now recognized as a foundational work on the theory of optics. This strange work will intrigue readers of philosophy and scientific theory. Irish scientist, philosopher, and writer GEORGE BERKELEY (1685-1753) also wrote A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge (1710) and Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous (1713).
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apparent magnitude CATOPTRICS connected consequence consider cube Descartes distinct divergency doth erect evident experience extension and figures faintness farthest figure and extension GEORGE BERKELEY greater or lesser hath been shown Hence horizontal moon idea of distance ideas of sight ideas of touch immediate objects immediately perceived inverted judge judgment light and colours lines and angles magnitude of objects manner wherein MATHEMATICIANS MINIMUM VISIBILE motion perceivable nature nearer nearest necessary connexion nevertheless object of geometry objects of sight observed OPTIC AXES optics painted perceived by sight perceived by touch perception rays retina sect seems sense sight and touch signify situation of objects situation of visible suppose tangible earth tangible extension tangible figure tangible ideas tangible magnitudes tangible objects tangible square tangible thing thoughts truth visible and tangible visible appearance visible extension visible figure visible magnitude visible objects visible points visive faculty Whence whereby whereof words