Free Men All: The Personal Liberty Laws of the North, 1780-1861
Examines the Impact of the Idealism of the Personal Liberty Laws of Pennsylvania, New York, Massachusetts, Ohio and Wisconsin The Personal Liberty Laws reflected the social ethical commitment to freedom from slavery and as such were among the bricks that laid the foundation for the Fourteenth Amendment. Morris examines those statutes as enacted in the five representative states Pennsylvania, New York, Massachusetts, Ohio and Wisconsin, and argues that these laws were an alternative to the violence allowed by the southern slave codes and the extreme abolitionist viewpoints of the north. Thomas D. Morris [1938-] taught in the Department of History, Portland State University and is the author of Southern Slavery and the Law, 1619-1860. CONTENTS I. Slavery and Emancipation: the Rise of Conflicting Legal Systems II. Kidnapping and Fugitives: Early State and Federal Responses III. State "Interposition" 1820-1830: Pennsylvania and New York IV. Assaults Upon the Personal Liberty Laws V. The Antislavery Counterattack VI. The Personal Liberty Laws in the Supreme Court: Prigg v. Pennsylvania VII. The Pursuit of a Containment Policy, 1842-1850 VII. The Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 IX. Positive Law, Higher Law, and the Via Media X. Interposition, 1854-1858 XI. Habeas Corpus and Total Repudiation 1859-1860 XII. Denouement Appendix Bibliography Index
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Other editions - View all
1st sess 2d sess abolitionists adopted alleged fugitive amendment American American Anti-Slavery Society Anti-Slavery Society antikidnapping antislavery Appendix authority bill Booth Boston Charles Charles Francis Adams Charles Sumner citizens claim claimant Cloth Commonwealth compromise Congress Constitution debate decision declared Democratic February federal law free blacks freedom fugitive slave clause Fugitive Slave Law guaranteed habeas corpus Historical Society homine replegiando Ibid ISBN issue January John judgment judicial jurisdiction jury trial Justice kidnapping Lawbook Exchange LCCN legislation legislature March Mason-Dixon line Massachusetts ment Meredith Negro obligation Ohio passed Penn Pennsylvania Abolition Society Personal Liberty Laws petition Philadelphia Prigg Proceedings proslavery protect repeal resolutions right of recaption runaways secure seized seizure Senate Document Senate Journal Session Laws slave owners slaveholders slavery South southern Sumner tion trial by jury U.S. Supreme Court unconstitutional Union United vols Whig William Wisconsin writ de homine writ of habeas
Page 16 - There shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in the said territory, otherwise than in the punishment of crimes, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted : Provided always, That any person escaping into the same, from whom labor or service is lawfully claimed in any one of the original States, such fugitive may be lawfully reclaimed, and conveyed to the person claiming his or her labor or service as aforesaid.
Page 285 - Stimson, Frederic Jesup. Glossary of Technical Terms, Phrases, and Maxims of the Common Law. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 1881. iv, 305pp. Reprinted 1999 by The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. ISBN 1-886363-70-6. Cloth.
Page 15 - Full faith and credit shall be given in each of these States to the records, acts, and judicial proceedings, of the courts and magistrates of every other State.