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Adam Smith argument attendant circumstances become believe cause of Wealth century chap civilised society conclusion Condorcet countries Darwin David Hume desire difficulty discussion doctrines doubt earth earthly immortality Economists England English English reform Enquirer equality Essay on Population evil existence fact friends GLASGOW happiness human ideas Improvement of Society increase inequality interference JAMES MACLEHOSE labour later editions least M'Culloch Malthusian marry and multiply matter means metaphysical mind mixed motives moral restraint nature Neo-Malthusianism never numbers opponent PARSON MALTHUS perfection Pitt Pitt's Political Economy Political Justice Poor Laws populousness of ancient position presumption in favour principle of population problem of Evil progress purely intellectual question reason reform Robert Owen Robert Wallace room and food says second postulate send mouths simply Species tells tion true truth vice and misery Wealth of Nations whole William Godwin words write written
Page 14 - Jog on, jog on, the foot-path way, And merrily hent the stile-a : A merry heart goes all the day, Your sad tires in a mile-a.
Page 1 - Nothing can be conceived more hard than the heart of a thoroughbred metaphysician. It comes nearer to the cold malignity of a wicked spirit than to the frailty and passion of a man. It is like that of the principle of evil himself, incorporeal, pure, unmixed, dephlegmated, defecated evil. It is no easy operation to eradicate humanity from the human breast. What Shakespeare calls "the compunctious visitings of nature...
Page 21 - I should always particularly reprobate any artificial and unnatural modes of checking population, both on account of their immorality and their tendency to remove a necessary stimulus to industry. If it were possible for each married couple to limit by a wish the number of their children, there is certainly reason to fear that the indolence of the human race would be very greatly increased...
Page 31 - Every species of animals naturally multiplies in proportion to the means of their subsistence, and no species can ever multiply beyond it. But in civilized society it is only among the inferior ranks of people that the scantiness of subsistence can set limits to the further multiplication of the human species; and it can do so in no other way than by destroying a great part of the children which...
Page 28 - Let us, said he, make relief in cases where there are a number of children, a matter of right and an honour, instead of a ground for opprobrium and contempt. This will make a large family a blessing, and not a curse ; and this will draw a proper line of distinction between those who are able to provide for themselves by their labour, and those who, after having enriched their country with a number of children, have a claim upon its assistance for their support.
Page 16 - Population when unchecked increases in a geometrical ratio. Subsistence increases only in an arithmetical ratio. A slight acquaintance with numbers will show the immensity of the first power in comparison of the second.
Page 1 - Here was a man who defended small-pox, slavery, and child-murder ; who denounced soup-kitchens, early marriage, and parish allowances ; who " had the impudence to marry after preaching against the evils of a family ; " who thought the world so badly governed that the best actions do the most harm ; who, in short, took all romance out of life and preached a dull sermon on the threadbare text — " Vanity of vanities, all is vanity.
Page 13 - Thus much is certain* that a state of cultivated equality, is that state which, in speculation and theory, appears most consonant to the nature of man, and most conducive to the extensive diffusion of felicity.