The Development of Intelligence in Children: (the Binet-Simon Scale)

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Williams & Wilkins, 1916 - Binet-Simon Test - 336 pages
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Page 40 - It seems to us that in intelligence there is a fundamental faculty, ' the alteration or the lack of which, is of the utmost importance for practical life. This faculty is judgment, otherwise called good sense, practical sense, initiative, the faculty of adapting one's self to circumstances. To judge well, to comprehend well, to reason well, these are the essential activities of intelligence.
Page 318 - The police found yesterday the body of a young girl cut into eighteen pieces. They believe that she killed herself. 4. Yesterday there was an accident on the railroad. But it was not serious: the number of deaths is only 48.
Page 37 - Our purpose is to be able to measure the intellectual capacity of a child who is brought to us in order to know whether he is normal or retarded. We should therefore, study his condition at the time and that only. We have nothing to do either with his past history or with his future; consequently we shall neglect his etiology, and we shall make no attempt to distinguish between acquired and congenital idiocy; for a stronger reason we shall set aside all consideration of pathological anatomy which...
Page 41 - As a result of all this investigation, in the scale which we present we accord the first place to judgment; that which is of importance to us is not certain errors which the subject commits, but absurd errors, which prove that he lacks judgment. We have even made special provision to encourage people to make absurd replies. In spite of the accuracy of this directing idea, it will be easily understood that it has...
Page 271 - ... alienists. These examples to which we could add many others show that the methods of measuring the individual intelligence have not a speculative interest alone; by the direction, by the organization of all the investigations, psychology has furnished the proof (we do not say for the first time but in a more positive manner than ever before), that it is in a fair way to become a science of great social utility.
Page 260 - ... for it is not assimilated. We have cited an example of it in regard to the date, which is taught in the Maternal School, but which is not known and assimilated before the age of nine years. This is only one example, but it is eloquent; it shows the error of what has hitherto been done; it suggests a method which will enable us to improve upon the past,— a method less literary, less rapid, and even extremely laborious, for it demands that one establish by careful investigations the normal evolution...
Page 40 - It is the intelligence alone that we seek to measure, by disregarding in so far as possible, the degree of instruction which the subject possesses. He should, indeed, be considered by the examiner as a complete ignoramus knowing neither how to read nor write. This necessity forces us to forego a great many exercises having a verbal, literary or scholastic character. These belong to a pedagogical examination. We believe that we have succeeded in completely disregarding the acquired information of...
Page 10 - Such a condition is quite unfortunate because the interests of the child demand a more careful method. To be a member of a special class can never be a mark of distinction, and such as do not merit it, must be spared the record.
Page 263 - During the past year one of us examined 25 children who for various reasons had been admitted to Sainte-Anne and later confined at the Bicetre, at Salpetriere, or at other places.
Page 130 - Why do we more easily pardon a bad act done in anger than a bad act done without anger!" (d.) "If some one should ask your opinion of one whom you did not know very well, what would you say?" (e.) "Why should we judge a person by his acts rather than by his words ? '

About the author (1916)

Alfred Binet, a French psychologist, is best known for his applied research on intelligence. He initially worked on pathological psychology, which was the major psychological specialty in France at the time, writing on such topics as hysteria. In 1891, however, he turned to experimental psychology and established it as a subdiscipline of psychology. In 1905, at Binet's suggestion, the Ministry of Education considered setting up special classes for mentally abnormal children. In order to determine which children would be unable to profit from normal instruction, Binet and Theodore Simon proposed a series of 30 intelligence tests. The tests were immediately successful and assured Binet's fame. Lewis M. Terman made a subsequent refinement of the tests. The Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale is still in use today. Binet was one of the originators of the questionnaire method. He also studied the psychology of arithmetic prodigies and chess players and pioneered the study of small groups. Binet died in 1911.

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