The Prehistory of Texas
Timothy K. Perttula
Texas A&M University Press, 2004 - Social Science - 471 pages
Paleoindians first arrived in Texas more than eleven thousand years ago, although relatively few sites of such early peoples have been discovered. Texas has a substantial post-Paleoindian record, however, and there are more than fifty thousand prehistoric archaeological sites identified across the state. This comprehensive volume explores in detail the varied experience of native peoples who lived on this land in prehistoric times. Chapters on each of the regions offer cutting-edge research, the culmination of years of work by dozens of the most knowledgeable experts.
Based on the archaeological record, the discussion of the earliest inhabitants includes a reclassification of all known Paleoindian projectile point types and establishes a chronology for the various occupations. The archaeological data from across the state of Texas also allow authors to trace technological changes over time, the development of intensive fishing and shellfish collecting, funerary customs and the belief systems they represented, long-term changes in settlement mobility and character, landscape use, and the eventual development of agricultural societies. The studies bring the prehistory of Texas Indians all the way up through the Late Prehistoric period (ca. a.d. 700–1600).
The extensively illustrated chapters are broadly cultural-historical in nature but stay strongly focused on important current research problems. Taken together, they present careful and exhaustive considerations of the full archaeological (and paleoenvironmental) record of Texas.
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An Introduction to Texas Prehistoric Archeology
Paleoindian Archeology in Texas
The HunterGatherers of the Central and Southern Texas Prairies and Plains
Archeology in Central Texas
The Prehistory of South Texas
Prehistoric Occupation of the Central and Lower Texas Coast A Regional Overview
The Archeology of the Native American Occupation of Southeast Texas
The Hunters and Farmers of the High Plains and Canyonlands
Archeology and Late Quaternary Environments of the Southern High Plains
The Palo Duro Complex Redefining the Early Ceramic Period in the Caprock Canyonlands
From Stone Slab Architecture to Abandonment A Revisionist View of the Antelope Creek Phase
HunterGatherer and Farming Groups in the Post Oak Savanna Tallgrass Prairies and Pineywoods of Eastern and Northern Texas
The Archeology of the Post Oak Savanna of EastCentral Texas
The Prehistoric and Caddoan Archeology of the Northeastern Texas Pineywoods
The Desert Archeology of Western Texas
Prehistory of the Jornada Mogollon and Eastern TransPecos Regions of West Texas
The Lower Pecos River Region of Texas and Northern Mexico
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Antelope Creek phase Archaic period archeological record arrow points artifacts assemblages basin bifaces bison bone bed burials burned rock Caddo Caddoan camp cemeteries central Texas ceramics chaic Clovis Collins components contexts Cooper Lake County cultural dart points deposits Early Archaic eastern El Paso evidence excavated faunal flakes Folsom Folsom points forms groups hearth Hester Holliday Holocene indicate Johnson Jornada Mogollon Kent Creek Late Archaic Late Paleoindian Late Prehistoric period lithic Lower Pecos Lubbock Lubbock Lake Mallouf materials ment Mexico midden Middle Archaic mounds occupation Paleo Paleoindian Palo Duro Complex Paso patterns Pecos River Perttula pithouses pits Plainview plant Pleistocene pottery projectile points pueblo radiocarbon dates region Ricklis River rockshelters Sabine River samples sediment settlement shell Shelter sherds soil stone stratigraphic Stratum structures subsistence suggest Texas Archeological tion Titus phase Trans-Pecos Turpin types valley western Trans-Pecos Wilson-Leonard Woodland Woodland period zones