The Jesuit Suppression in Global Context: Causes, Events, and Consequences

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Jeffrey D. Burson, Jonathan Wright
Cambridge University Press, Oct 29, 2015 - History - 305 pages
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In 1773, Pope Clement XIV suppressed the Society of Jesus, a dramatic, puzzling act that had a profound impact. This volume traces the causes of the attack on the Jesuits, the national expulsions that preceded universal suppression, and the consequences of these extraordinary developments. The Suppression occurred at a unique historical juncture, at the high-water mark of the Enlightenment and on the cusp of global imperial crises and the Age of Revolution. After more than two centuries, answers to how and why it took place remain unclear. A diverse selection of essays - covering France, Spain, Portugal, Italy, the Netherlands, China, Eastern Europe, and the Americas - reflects the complex international elements of the Jesuit Suppression. The contributors shed new light on its significance by drawing on the latest research. Essential reading on a crucial yet previously neglected topic, this collection will interest scholars of eighteenth-century religious, intellectual, cultural, and political history.
 

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Contents

The Role of Conspiracy
13
The Cultural
40
Christophe de Beaumonts Defence
65
The Jesuits and Their
83
The End of the Jesuit Mission in China
100
The Suppression of the Jesuits in the Savoyard State
139
John Thorpes Eyewitness Account of
161
French Jesuits 17561814
181
General Suppression Russian Survival American
201
Adam Beckers 17441806 ExJesuit in Amsterdam
216
ExJesuits in the East Habsburg Lands Silesia and Poland
229
The Exile of the Spanish Jesuits in Italy 17671815
248
Jesuit Culture
262
Select Bibliography
279
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About the author (2015)

Jeffrey D. Burson is Associate Professor of French History and the Enlightenment at Georgia Southern University. He is the author of The Rise and Fall of Theological Enlightenment: Jean-Martin de Prades and Ideological Polarization in Eighteenth-Century France and coeditor, with Ulrich L. Lehner, of Enlightenment and Catholicism in Europe: A Transnational History.

Jonathan Wright is Honorary Fellow in the Department of Theology and Religion at Durham University. He has also been a Thouron Fellow at the University of Pennsylvania and a Fellow of the Leibniz Institute of European History. His publications include God's Soldiers: Adventure, Politics, Intrigue, and Power - A History of the Jesuits; Heretics: The Creation of Christianity from the Gnostics to the Modern Church; and Layered Landscapes: Early Modern Religious Space across Faiths and Cultures (with Eric Nelson, forthcoming).