Fundamentalism and Evangelicals
This study examines the contentious claim that much evangelicalism is fundamentalist in character. Within Protestantism, the term `fundamentalism' denotes not only a movement but also a mentality which has greatly affected evangelicals, and which involves preserving as factual a reading of scripture as possible. Here the development and dismantling of the fundamentalist mentality is examined in light of philosophical influences upon evangelicalism over the last three centuries, notably: Common Sense Realism, neo-Calvinism, and modern hermeneutical philosophy. Particular attention is paid to James Barr's critique of fundamentalism and to evangelical rejoinders. Harriet A. Harris proposes that the fundamentalist mentality does not do justice to evangelical experience since it is more concerned with the Bible's factual truthfulness than with its life-giving effects. An appendix on Global Fundamentalism brings together two rarely united fields of study: Protestant fundamentalism's relation to evangelicalism, and its relation to resurgent movements in other religions.
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A Historical Approach
A British Critique
Its Philosophical Roots
4 The Fundamentalist Mentality Among Evangelicals
5 Fundamentalist Apologetics and Evangelical Experience
6 The Dutch Influence
7 Kuyperians and Warfieldians
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accept American evangelicals apologetics argues argument authority of scripture Barr Bebbington believe Bible Bible’s biblical authority Biblical Inerrancy British evangelicals Carl McIntire charismatic Charles Hodge Christ Christian Church claim Clark Pinnock Common Sense philosophy Common Sense Realism conservative evangelical creation criticism cultural defend describes developed dispensationalist divine doctrine of scripture Dooyeweerd Dooyeweerdian error evangeli evidence evidentialist experience facts factual faith funda fundamentalism fundamentalist fundamentalist and evangelical fundamentalist mentality gelical God’s hermeneutical historical Hodge Holy Spirit human ibid inductive inerrancy infallibility influence interpretation James Packer Jesus John Stott John Wenham knowledge Kuyper Kuyperian Mark Noll Marsden meaning mentalist method modern movement nature Noll objective one’s Packer palingenesis Pinnock position premillennialist presuppositions Princeton Princeton theologians principles rational reason Reformed regard Reid Reid’s rejected religion religious revelation Sandeen scholars scholarship scientific scripture Seminary talist term testimony theology theory Thiselton thought Til’s tion tradition UCCF Warfield Word world-view