Islam and the Fate of Others: The Salvation Question

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Oxford University Press, Oct 15, 2011 - Religion - 272 pages
Can non-Muslims be saved? And can those who are damned to Hell ever be redeemed? In Islam and the Fate of Others, Mohammad Hassan Khalil examines the writings of influential medieval and modern Muslim scholars on the controversial and consequential question of non-Muslim salvation. This is an illuminating study of four of the most prominent figures in the history of Islam: Ghazali, Ibn 'Arabi, Ibn Taymiyya, and Rashid Rida. Khalil demonstrates that though these paradigmatic figures tended to affirm the superiority of the Islamic message, they also envisioned a God of mercy and justice and a Paradise populated by Muslims and non-Muslims. Islam and the Fate of Others reveals that these theologians' interpretations of the Qur'an and hadith corpus-from optimistic depictions of Judgment Day to notions of a temporal Hell and salvation for all-challenge widespread assumptions about Islamic scripture and thought. Along the way, Khalil examines the writings of many other important writers, such as Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya, Mulla Sadra, Shah Wali Allah of Delhi, Muhammad Ali of Lahore, James Robson, Sayyid Qutb, Yusuf al-Qaradawi, Farid Esack, Reza Shah-Kazemi, T. J. Winter, and Muhammad Legenhausen. Islam and the Fate of Others is both timely and overdue.
 

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Contents

Rethinking Our Assumptions
1
The Case of Ghaz257l299
26
The Case of Ibn Arab299
54
The Case of Ibn Taymiyya
74
Rash299d Rid257 and Beyond
110
Glossary of Select Terms
146

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About the author (2011)

Mohammad Hassan Khalil is Professor of Religious Studies, Adjunct Professor of Law, and Director of the Muslim Studies Program at Michigan State University. He is the author of Islam and the Fate of Others: The Salvation Question (2012) and editor of Between Heaven and Hell: Islam, Salvation, and the Fate of Others (2013) and Muslims and US Politics Today: A Defining Moment (2019). In 2015 he received the Michigan State University Teacher-Scholar Award.

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