“Strange Lands and Different Peoples”: Spaniards and Indians in Colonial Guatemala
W. George Lovell, Lovell W George Swezey William R Kramer Wendy Lutz Christopher, Christopher H. Lutz
University of Oklahoma Press, Oct 8, 2013 - History - 360 pages
Guatemala emerged from the clash between Spanish invaders and Maya cultures that began five centuries ago. The conquest of these “rich and strange lands,” as Hernán Cortés called them, and their “many different peoples” was brutal and prolonged. “Strange Lands and Different Peoples” examines the myriad ramifications of Spanish intrusion, especially Maya resistance to it and the changes that took place in native life because of it.
The studies assembled here, focusing on the first century of colonial rule (1524–1624), discuss issues of conquest and resistance, settlement and colonization, labor and tribute, and Maya survival in the wake of Spanish invasion. The authors reappraise the complex relationship between Spaniards and Indians, which was marked from the outset by mutual feelings of resentment and mistrust. While acknowledging the pivotal role of native agency, the authors also document the excesses of Spanish exploitation and the devastating impact of epidemic disease. Drawing on research findings in Spanish and Guatemalan archives, they offer fresh insight into the Kaqchikel Maya uprising of 1524, showing that despite strategic resistance, colonization imposed a burden on the indigenous population more onerous than previously thought.
Guatemala remains a deeply divided and unjust society, a country whose current condition can be understood only in light of the colonial experiences that forged it. Affording readers a critical perspective on how Guatemala came to be, “Strange Lands and Different Peoples” shows the events of the past to have enduring contemporary relevance.
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AGCA Almolonga Alonso de Maldonado Archivo Asselbergs 2007 Atitlán Audiencia Belehé Qat cabecera cabildo cacao caciques Cahí Ymox cargas Carmack century Cerrato tasaciones Chiapas Chimaltenango Chiquimula ciudad colonial Comalapa communities congregación conquest Contaduría core Cortés Crown Cueva Díaz del Castillo Diego documents encomenderos encomienda Escuintla Espinar estimate fanegas Francisco Fuentes y Guzmán García González Nájera Gonzalo Guate Guatemala 128 highland Honduras Huehuetenango Indians indigenous Iximché Jorge de Alvarado Jumaytepeque Justicia K’iche K’iche’s Kaqchikel King Kramer labor land legajo lords Lovell Luján Muñoz 2011 Lutz MacLeod Maldonado Marroquín Maya Memorial de Sololá Mexico municipios native population parcialidades partidos Patronato Pedro de Alvarado periphery Polo Sifontes Probanza provincia pueblos de indios Quetzaltenango Recinos and Goetz records Relación Restall and Asselbergs Sacapulas Sacatepéquez Salvador Santiago de Guatemala servicio settlements Soconusco Solano sources Spaniards Spanish tierra tostones Totonicapán towns tributaries tribute assessments Tunatiuh Tz’utujils Utatlán Valverde Vázquez Verapaz xiquipiles yndios Zaculeu