“Strange Lands and Different Peoples”: Spaniards and Indians in Colonial Guatemala

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University of Oklahoma Press, Oct 8, 2013 - History - 360 pages
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Guatemala emerged from the clash between Spanish invaders and Maya cultures that began five centuries ago. The conquest of these “rich and strange lands,” as Hernán Cortés called them, and their “many different peoples” was brutal and prolonged. “Strange Lands and Different Peoples” examines the myriad ramifications of Spanish intrusion, especially Maya resistance to it and the changes that took place in native life because of it.

The studies assembled here, focusing on the first century of colonial rule (1524–1624), discuss issues of conquest and resistance, settlement and colonization, labor and tribute, and Maya survival in the wake of Spanish invasion. The authors reappraise the complex relationship between Spaniards and Indians, which was marked from the outset by mutual feelings of resentment and mistrust. While acknowledging the pivotal role of native agency, the authors also document the excesses of Spanish exploitation and the devastating impact of epidemic disease. Drawing on research findings in Spanish and Guatemalan archives, they offer fresh insight into the Kaqchikel Maya uprising of 1524, showing that despite strategic resistance, colonization imposed a burden on the indigenous population more onerous than previously thought.

Guatemala remains a deeply divided and unjust society, a country whose current condition can be understood only in light of the colonial experiences that forged it. Affording readers a critical perspective on how Guatemala came to be, “Strange Lands and Different Peoples” shows the events of the past to have enduring contemporary relevance.
 

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Contents

Part II Settlement and Colonization
75
Part III Labor and Tribute
121
Part IV Dynamics of Maya Survival
171
Conclusion
249
Appendix
253
Glossary
285
Bibliography
299
Index
327
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About the author (2013)

W. George Lovell is Professor of Geography at Queen’s University in Kingston, Ontario, Canada, and author of A Beauty That Hurts: Life and Death in Guatemala.

Christopher H. Lutz is author of Santiago de Guatemala, 1541–1773: City, Caste, and the Colonial Experience.

Wendy Kramer is author of Encomienda Politics in Early Colonial Guatemala, 1524–1544: Dividing the Spoils.

William R. Swezey (1933–1989) was co-founder of the Centro de Investigaciones Regionales de Mesoamérica in Guatemala and its director for more than a decade.

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