Haydn’s Sunrise, Beethoven’s Shadow: Audiovisual Culture and the Emergence of Musical Romanticism
The years between roughly 1760 and 1810, a period stretching from the rise of Joseph Haydn’s career to the height of Ludwig van Beethoven’s, are often viewed as a golden age for musical culture, when audiences started to revel in the sounds of the concert hall. But the latter half of the eighteenth century also saw proliferating optical technologies—including magnifying instruments, magic lanterns, peepshows, and shadow-plays—that offered new performance tools, fostered musical innovation, and shaped the very idea of “pure” music. Haydn’s Sunrise, Beethoven’s Shadow is a fascinating exploration of the early romantic blending of sight and sound as encountered in popular science, street entertainments, opera, and music criticism.
Deirdre Loughridge reveals that allusions in musical writings to optical technologies reflect their spread from fairgrounds and laboratories into public consciousness and a range of discourses, including that of music. She demonstrates how concrete points of intersection—composers’ treatments of telescopes and peepshows in opera, for instance, or a shadow-play performance of a ballad—could then fuel new modes of listening that aimed to extend the senses. An illuminating look at romantic musical practices and aesthetics, this book yields surprising relations between the past and present and offers insight into our own contemporary audiovisual culture.
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aesthetic Allegro Amors Guckkasten André appeared Arkadia audience ballad singer barrel organ bass Beethoven’s Beethoven’s Fifth Berlin Bürger Carl Friedrich Zelter chapter composer crescendo E. T. A. Hoffmann early Romantics eighteenth century Enslen entertainment example experience Fifth Symphony figure Friedrich German ghost-raising ghosts Goethe Gottfried August Bürger Haydn’s Haydn’s Creation Hermione Hiller Ibid illusion imagination imitation intermezzos Johann Johann Gottfried Herder Jörg keyboard Komus Lenore Lise listening looking magic lantern magnifying instruments melody movement Musik musikalische muted narrator natural nineteenth century ombres chinoises opera optical oratorio orchestra orgeley Orgelum peep peepbox peepshow peepshowman perceptual performance Peter phantasmagoria philosophical Phylidor Piano Concerto picture play poetry Regensburg Savoyard scene Schattenspiel schöne sense sensory shadow shadow-play showman song sound spectacle spectators stanzas strophic technologies telescope theater through-composed tion tone tone-paintings trans treatise Triest viewers Viola Violin visual vocal Wilhelm Zeitung Zelter Zémire