Ideology, Legitimacy and the New State: Yugoslavia, Serbia and Croatia
This is a comparative analysis of the dominant ideologies and modes of legitimization in communist and post-Communist Serbia and Croatia. The aim of the book is to identify and explain dominant normative and operative ideologies and principal modes of legitimization in these three case studies. The book is based on the content analysis of manifestos of the ruling parties in post World War II Yugoslavia (League of Communists), post-Cold War Serbia (Socialist Party of Serbia) and Croatia (Croatian Democratic Union), as well as on the content analysis of the school textbooks and editorial of government-controlled newspapers published in the same period. By analyzing the way state apparatuses work, the author aims to demonstrate the crucial role that ideology plays in the underpinning of the identity transformation in these three societies. At the same time, an attempt is made to develop an adequate theoretical model of ideology and political legitimization that would not only help explain the extraordinary situation of these three cases but would also contribute to the general theory of ideology and legitimization.
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THE CASE STUDIES
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achieved actors Althusser appeal Belgrade belief Bosnia capitalist central charismatic authority Chetnik Christian democracy communist concept of ideology conceptualised content analysis counter-ideologies Croatian Croats culture Danilovic delegitimisation democracy democratic depicted developed discourse dominant ideology economic elite emphasis enemy establish ethnic ethnonationalism explained Feral Tribune formulated function Gacesa Greater Serbia Habermas historical Ibid ideas identified ideol ideological state apparatuses images important individual interests Istorija Kosovo language leader legal-rational legitimate levels of ideology liberal manifesto Marx Marxist mass media means Milosevic myth nation normative and operative normative ideology operative ideology operative level organisation particular party perceived political system position power-keeping principles razred recognisable regime regime's relationship rule scientific Serbian Serbs Slovenia social socialist society Soviet Soviet Union structure symbols textbooks and editorials theory of ideology tion Tito tradition Tudjman type of legitimacy universalist Ustasha values Weber Weberian Yugoslav Yugoslavia