A pathfinder: discovery, invention and industry: how the world came to have aquadag and oildag; also carborundum, artificial graphite and other valuable products of the electric furnace. The first of a series of educational biographical sketches of eminent inventors
In effect an autobiography of Dr. Acheson wih brief account of his discoveries and business career.
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Acheson Graphite Company Allegheny Allegheny River Allegheny Valley Railroad Aquadag and Oildag Artificial Graphite Baily Batchelor Bradford brought Buffalo Cable Company called carbon Carborun Carborundum Company cent CHAPTER Chemical Society Columbo deflocculated deflocculated graphite Deichmann developed dollars per month dollars per week dynamo Edison Edward Goodrich Acheson Egyptianized Clay Electric Light Company Engineer entered Europe experimental experiments Exposition Franklin Institute furnace Gaugers Gosford horse power hundred dollars Huyler inch industry interests International Acheson Graphite inventions Iserlohn Ivry-sur-Seine Kittanning Krussi lamp factory lubrication machine manufacture Member Menlo Park ment Monongahela City Monongahela River Monticello moved my family Niagara Falls Parker Perkin Medal Pittsburgh plant President Professor Columbo purchase returned River salary sand dollars Sayer silicon Siloxicon sisters station Street Superintendent tables tank thousand dollars tion told took town United Pipe Lines W. H. Smith Westinghouse wheels wire
Page 99 - ... was melted and heated to a very high temperature. When cold, the mass was examined. It did not fill my expectations, but I, by sheer chance, happened to notice a few bright specks on the end of the arc carbon that had been in the mixture. I placed one on the end of a lead pencil and drew it across a pane of glass. It cut the glass like a diamond. I repeated the experiment, and collected enough of the material to test its abrasive qualities. I mounted an iron disc in a lathe, and, oiling its surface,...
Page 98 - An iron bowl, such as plumbers use for holding their melted solder, was attached to one lead from a dynamo and filled with a mixture of clay and powdered coke ; the end of an arc light carbon attached to the other lead was inserted into the mixture. The percentage of coke was high enough to carry a current, and a good strong one was passed through the mixture between the lamp carbon and bowl until the clay in the center was melted and heated to a very high temperature. When cold, the mass was examined....
Page 143 - ... avoiding the danger of highly heated bearings, which are frequently the cause of fires. "In the observations described in this paper, and in fact in all the work that has been done in this field, there is not a more impressive example of the efficiency of graphite in lubrication than that presented in the curves of friction and temperature of water and graphite; for water serving merely as a vehicle and completely devoid of lubricating quality, the graphite is permitted to perform its work without...
Page 108 - Falls was at this time approaching completion. I went to Niagara Falls, looked over the situation, possibilities, and prices. On my return I convened a meeting of my board of directors and laid before them a scheme of moving to Niagara Falls and there building and equipping a plant for 1,000 horse power.
Page 119 - Sam wrote his cousin a reproachful letter, pointed out that he had a guarantee of adequate capital and that it would be to the best interests of all concerned to let him go to England and establish himself. "No one shall ever lose a dollar through me,
Page 99 - ... cut the polished face off the diamond in a finger ring still owned and worn by me. I now made a small furnace of bricks, and after much and patient work, had what I considered enough to take to the lapidaries in New York City.
Page 129 - ... product. More experiments resulted in a method of suspending graphite in water to form a lubricant called Aquadag. The next step was the transference of the graphite from the water medium to an oil medium, to form an improved lubricant called Oildag. Acheson felt that those two products would probably prove to be of more value to the world than any of those he had previously developed.
Page 33 - Speak sweetly, man, although thy looks be sour." "There's a divinity that shapes our ends, rough-hew them how we will." "Life's but a walking shadow." "The worst is death, and death shall have his day." "Hope to enjoy is little less in joy than hope enjoyed.