Elements of Physiological Psychology: A Treatise of the Activities and Nature of the Mind from the Physical and Experimental Point of View
"There can be no doubt that an important movement in psychology has arisen in recent times through the effort to approach the phenomena of mind from the experimental and physiological point of view. As a result of some years of study of the general subject, I express with considerable confidence the opinion that there is no ground for extravagant claims or expectations, and still less ground for any fear of consequences. In all cases of new and somewhat rankly growing scientific enterprises, it is much the better way to waive the discussion of actual or possible achievements, as well as of welcomed or dreaded revelations of new truth, and proceed at once to the business on hand. It is proposed in this book to follow this better way. It will be the task of the book itself to set forth the assured or alleged results of Physiological Psychology; and this will be done at every step with such degree of assurance as belongs to the evidence hitherto attainable upon the particular subject discussed. With declamation, either in attack or defense of the "old psychology," of the "introspective method," etc., one may dispense without serious loss. The method and arrangement of the book have been chosen so as to fit it for use, both as a text-book by special students of the subjects of which it treats, and also by the general reader who is interested in knowing what results have been reached by the more modern--and even the latest--psycho-physical researches"--Pref. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2005 APA, all rights reserved).
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animal appear Archiv areas axis-cylinder basal ganglia basilar membrane body brain called cavity cells central organs centres cerebellum cerebral cortex cerebral hemispheres cerebrum changes chemical cochlea columns complex condition connected consciousness constitution convolutions corpora corpora quadrigemina cortical effect efferent nerves electrical end-organs excitation experiments external fact fibres fibrils fissure frontal functions ganglia ganglion-cells gray matter gyrus Handb Hermann histology inner irritability kind laws layer lesions lobes localization mass medulla oblongata medullary membrane molecular molecules motion motor nerves movements muscles muscular nerve-cells nerve-commotion nerve-fibres nerve-stretch nervous elements nervous matter nervous mechanism nervous substance nervous system neural nucleus occipital occipital lobe ovum parietal peripheral phenomena physical Physiol physiological portion posterior posterior horn produced psychical psychology reflex region relation result retina sensations sense sensory nerves side skin so-called spinal cord stimulation structure surface thalami theory tion tissue tones tracts ventricle vesicle
Page 189 - It consists of three parts — the Vestibule, the Semicircular Canals, and the Cochlea.
Page 511 - What kind of an emotion of fear would be left if the feeling neither of quickened heart-beats nor of shallow breathing, neither of trembling lips nor of weakened limbs, neither of goose-flesh nor of visceral stirrings, were present, it is quite impossible for me to think.
Page 495 - ... the subjective concomitant of the normal amount of activity, not directly connected with life-serving function, in the peripheral end-organs of the cerebro-spinal nervous system.
Page 550 - ... memory wholly inexplicable as a mere persistence or recurrence of similar impressions. It is this which makes conscious memory a spiritual phenomenon, the explanation of which, as arising out of nervous processes and conditions, is not simply undiscovered in fact, but utterly incapable of approach by the imagination. When, then, we speak of a physical basis of memory, recognition must be made of the complete inability of science to suggest any physical process which can be conceived of as correlated...
Page 548 - In the study of perception psycho-physics can do much toward a scientific explanation. It can tell what qualities of stimuli produce certain qualities of sensations ; it can suggest a principle relating the quantity of the stimuli to the intensity of the sensation; it can investigate the laws under which, by combined action of various excitations, the sensations are combined into presentations of sense; it can show how the time-relations of the sensations and percepts in consciousness...
Page 383 - ... eccentric perception') or the giving to these sensations an objective existence (in the fullest sense of the word ' objective ') as qualities of objects situated within a field of space and in contact with, or more or less remotely distant from, the body.
Page 511 - Can one fancy the state of rage and picture no ebullition of it in the chest, no flushing of the face, no dilatation of the nostrils, no clenching of the teeth, no impulse to vigorous action, but in their stead limp muscles, calm breathing, and a placid face?
Page 72 - But some of the fibres from the pyramids of the medulla do not cross in the upper part of the cord. These form the uncrossed (or anterior) part of the pyramidal tract; this part gradually diminishes as it passes downward, and ceases in the dorsal region of the cord.
Page 520 - The possession of an educated reflex-motor mechanism, under the control of those higher cerebral centres which are most immediately connected with the phenomena of consciousness ; (2) certain motifs in the form of conscious feelings that have a tone of pleasure or pain, and so impel the mind to secure such bodily conditions as will continue or increase the one and discontinue or diminish the other ; (3) ideas of motions and positions of the bodily members, which previous experience has taught us...