The Messiah of Shiraz: Studies in Early and Middle Babism
The 19th century saw an enormous shift in the authority structure of Iranian and Iraqi Twelver Shi ism, with the victory of a theological school (Usulism) that stressed the power of the clergy. This is well known. What is less well known is that there was a parallel development of authority in the Shaykhi school and its offshoot, the Babi sect. Here, especially in later forms of Babism, the Shi ite claim to charismatic authority reached its limits in hyperbolic attestations of divinity. The present text is in two parts: a study of how Shaykhism bifurcated into a form close to orthodoxy next to the highly unorthodox Babi movement. Part two examines how Babism changed after the death in 1850 of its founder, the B b.
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The Religious Background
Shaykh Ahmad alAhsäï
Sayyid Käzim Rashtï
From Shaykhism to Babism
Some Aspects of Early Bäbï Doctrine
Break with Shaykhism
PART TWO REFLECTIONS ON SHAYKHISM AND BABISM
NineteenthCentury Bäbï Talismans
Bäb Sayyed Alï Mohammad Shïräzï 1235181912661850 The Founder of Babism qv
Bayän declaration elucidation
Ahsäï Shaikh Ahmad B ZaynAlDïn 1166124117531826 Shiite älem and philosopher and unintending originator of the Shaykhï school of Shiism in ...
Cosmogony and Cosmology theories of the origins and structure of the universe
Changes in charismatic authority in Qajar Shiism
Early Shaykhï Reactions to the Bäb and his Claims
Hierarchy Authority and Eschatology in Early Bäbï Thought
Divisions and Authority Claims in Babism 18501866
Shiite Orthodoxy Confronts its Mirror Image
The Babi Concept of Holy War
Problems of Militancy Quietism and Conflation in the Construction of a Religion
Ahsāʾī Akhbari al-Ahsa al-Ahsa'i al-Ahsāʾī al-Dīn Allāh appearance Arabic authority Azal Azalī Bāb Bab's Bāb’s Bābī Babism Baghdad Baha Bahāʾ Allāh Bahāʾī Balyuzi Bayān Book charismatic charismatic authority claims Dawn-Breakers death divine doctrine E. G. Browne early faith Fihrist followers Gate God’s Hājī Hasan holy Husayn Ibid idem Imām Iran Iranian Iraq Isfahan Islam Ja'far jihād Karbala Karīm Khān Khan Khwansari Kirmani large numbers later Lawh-i letter MacEoin manifest Mazandarani Mīrzā movement Muhammad Muhammad ibn Muhammad ʿAlī mujtahid Mullā Mulla Muhammad Muslim Nuqtat orthodox Panj shaʾn period Persian Prophet Qajar Qayyūm al-asmāʾ Qāʾim Qisas quoted Qurrat al-ʿAyn Qurʾān Rashtī Rawddt referred religion religious resurrection revelation Risāla role Samandar Sayyid Sayyid Kāzim Sayyid Muhammad sect Shah Sharh Sharh-i sharīʿa Shaykh Ahmad Shaykhism Shi'i Shirazi Shiʿi Shiʿism Shoghi Effendi Sūrat Tafsīr Tanakabuni Tdrikh-i Tehran tion Twelver ulama verses writings written Yazd Zarandī Zuhiir al-haqq Zuhūr ʿAbd ʿulamāʾ