Carbon Nanotubes: Quantum Cylinders of Graphene
Elsevier, Sep 10, 2008 - Technology & Engineering - 232 pages
This volume is devoted to mostly to nanotubes, unique synthetic nanoscale quantum systems whose physical properties are often singular (i.e. record-setting). Nanotubes can be formed from a myriad of atomic or molecular species, the only requirement apparently being that the host material or “wall fabric be configurable as a layered or sheet-like structure. Nanotubes with sp2-bonded atoms such as carbon, or boron together with nitrogen, are the champions of extreme mechanical strength, electrical response (either highly conducting or highly insulating), and thermal conductance. Carbon nanotubes can be easily produced by a variety of synthesis techniques, and for this reason they are the most studied nanotubes, both experimentally and theoretically. Boron nitride nanotubes are much more difficult to produce and only limited experimental characterization data exist. Indeed, for boron nitride nanotubes, theory is well ahead of experiment. For these reasons this volume deals largely with carbon nanotubes. Conceptually, the "building block" for a carbon nanotube is a single sheet of graphite, called graphene. Recently, it has become possible to experimentally isolate such single sheets (either on a substrate or suspended). This capability has in turn fueled many new theoretical and experimental studies of graphene itself. It is therefore fitting that this volume contains also a chapter devoted to graphene.
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Chapter 2 Quantum theories for carbon nanotubes
Chapter 3 The electronic properties of carbon nanotubes
Chapter 4 Raman spectroscopy of carbon nanotubes
Chapter 5 Optical spectroscopy of singlewalled carbon nanotubes
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Appl applications atomic Avouris band bandgap BN nanotubes Brillouin zone bundles carrier catalyst Chem chemical chiral chiral angle CNTs density devices Dirac dispersion doping Dresselhaus and M.S. effects Elaser electrical electronic properties electronic structure emission excitation excitonic experimental Fermi Fermi energy Fermi points fluorescence frequency fullerenes function geometry graphene graphene sheet graphite Iijima imaging interaction Jorio Kataura plot laser lattice M.A. Pimenta M.S. Dresselhaus materials measured mechanical metallic SWNTs method microscopy multiwalled carbon nanotubes MWCNT MWNTs Nano Lett nanoscale nanostructured nanoswitch nanotweezers observed phonon photoluminescence Phys physical polarization pseudospin quantization quantum quasiparticle R.E. Smalley Raman scattering Raman spectra Raman spectroscopy resonance Raman S.G. Louie Saito sample Schottky barrier Science semiconducting semiconducting SWNTs shells shown in Fig single-walled carbon nanotubes single-walled nanotubes species spin substrate surface SWCNTs SWNT symmetry synthesis temperature theoretical thermal tight-binding model transition energies tube voltage wavelengths Zettl