Language as Calculus vs. Language as Universal Medium: A Study in Husserl, Heidegger and Gadamer

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Springer Science & Business Media, Jun 30, 1989 - History - 362 pages
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I first became interested in Husserl and Heidegger as long ago as 1980, when as an undergraduate at the Freie Universitat Berlin I studied the books by Professor Ernst Tugendhat. Tugendhat's at tempt to bring together analytical and continental philosophy has never ceased to fascinate me, and even though in more recent years other influences have perhaps been stronger, I should like to look upon the present study as still being indebted to Tugendhat's initial incentive. It was my good fortune that for personal reasons I had to con tinue my academic training from 1981 onwards in Finland. Even though Finland is a stronghold of analytical philosophy, it also has a tradition of combining continental and Anglosaxon philosophical thought. Since I had already admired this line of work in Tugendhat, it is hardly surprising that once in Finland I soon became impressed by Professor Jaakko Hintikka's studies on Husserl and intentionality, and by Professor Georg Henrik von Wright's analytical hermeneu tics. While the latter influence has-at least in part-led to a book on the history of hermeneutics, the former influence has led to the present work. My indebtedness to Professor Hintikka is enormous. Not only is the research reported here based on his suggestions, but Hintikka has also commented extensively on different versions of the manuscript, helped me to make important contacts, found a publisher for me, and-last but not least-was a never failing source of encouragement.
 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION LANGUAGE AS CALCULUS VS LANGUAGE AS THE UNIVERSAL MEDIUM
1
2 THE INTERPRETATIONAL FRAMEWORK
2
3 SOME QUALIFICATIONS AND THE MAIN THESES OF THIS STUDY
8
HUSSERLS PHENOMENOLOGY AND LANGUAGE AS CALCULUS
11
2 FORMALISM THREAT AND TEMPTATION THE EMERGENCE OF LANGUAGE AS CALCULUS IN THE EARLY WRITINGS
12
21 The Semantics of Numbers and the Role of Psychology
14
22 The Interpretation and Reinterpretation of Algorithms From Psychology to Logic
23
23 Spelling out the Language as Calculus Conception On the Road to the Logical Investigations
35
23 Husserl Scotus and Thomas of Erfurt
143
24 On the Way to Being and Time
145
3 THE WORLD AS A CLOSED WHOLE THE PERIOD OF BEING AND TIME
148
32 Beingintheworld as Being within a Universal Medium of Meaning
154
33 From Phenomenology as an Absolute Science to Phenomenological Ontology as Hermeneutics
167
34 Logic Language Truth
180
4 LANGUAGE IS THE HOUSE OF BEING LANGUAGE AS THE UNIVERSAL MEDIUM IN HEIDEGGERS LATER THOUGHT
193
41 Art and poetry
195

THE LOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS
40
31 Formal Mathematics and the Theory of Science
43
32 Freges Hidden Psychologism and the Idea of Pure Logic
47
33 Meanings as Abstract Entities
55
34 The Structure and Classification of Meanings
59
35 Truth Realism and Knowledge about Abstract Objects
64
4 TRANSCENDENTAL PHENOMENOLOGY AND THE CALCULUS CONCEPTION
76
41 Transcendental Reduction and the Problem of a Transcendental Language
79
42 Husserl Leibniz and Possible Worlds
93
43 Noemata Metalanguage and the Inexhaustibility of Semantics
102
44 Husserls Realism
109
45 Lifeworlds and the Opposition to Relativism
116
46 Logic and Transcendental Phenomenology
123
5 SUMMARY OF HUSSERLS NOTION OF LANGUAGE AS CALCULUS
130
HEIDEGGERS ONTOLOGY AND LANGUAGE AS THE UNIVERSAL MEDIUM
135
2 HEIDEGGER AS ADHERER TO THE CONCEPTION OF LANGUAGE AS CALCULUS IN HIS EARLY WRITINGS
136
21 Realism and the Critique of Psychologism
137
22 Rickerts Influence the Critique of Logistik and Truth as Correspondence
140
42 Language and Being
202
43 Language Art and the Universal Medium Conception
214
5 SUMMARY OF HEIDEGGERS CONCEPTION OF LANGUAGE AS THE UNIVERSAL MEDIUM
225
EPILOGUE BETWEEN SCYLLA AND CHARYBDIS GADAMERS HERMENEUTICS
229
2 TRADITION AND THE RETURN OF THE SUBJECT WHY HEIDEGGER HAD REASON TO DISLIKE THE EFFECTIVEHISTORICAL CONSC...
231
3 LANGUAGE AS UNIVERSAL ADUMBRATION
241
32 Heidegger without Geschick
242
33 Husserls Entry
245
34 The Centre of Language the Speculative Sentence Spiel and Picture
247
35 Gadamers Universal Medium Conception
257
NOTES TO PART I
259
NOTES TO PART II
260
NOTES TO PART III
290
NOTES TO PART IV
310
BIBLIOGRAPHY
315
INDEX OF NAMES
343
INDEX OF SUBJECTS
353
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About the author (1989)

Martin Kusch is professor of philosophy and sociology of science at the University of Cambridge.

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