Public Attitudes in Contemporary South Africa
HSRC Press, 2002 - History - 170 pages
Democracy cannot be taken for granted. Its consolidation is neither inevitable, nor need the process take the form of a linear progression. Democracies are susceptible to reversions to authoritarianism. As Robert Dahl demonstrates in his recent work, On democracy, authoritarian regimes have replaced democratic ones some 52 times between 1900 and 1985 (Dahl, 1998). But southern Africans do not need to be quoted statistics to be made aware of this fact. Indeed, the point has been graphically brought home by developments in both Zambia and Zimbabwe. In the case of the former, a trade union leader who led resistance against what had been the only president of post-independent Zambia, then subverted that same democracy by first attempting to re-write the constitution to enable him to seek a third term, and when that failed, manipulating elections to ensure that his nominee was elected president. In Zimbabwe, a first generation independence leader succeeded in holding onto power through graft, patronage, electoral fraud, constitutional manipulation, and intimidation of opponents and dissidents. In both cases, democracy and the promise of development dissipated as a result of both structural conditions and leadership behaviour.
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1989 general election ACDP African Coloured Indian African National Congress air pollution amongst analysis apartheid areas chapter Christian church citizens civil society organisations close friends Coloured Indian White coloured respondents communications technologies concern condom contacts per month democratic disagreed Distrust EC FS GT election electorate ethnic factors Figure FS GT KZN Gauteng GT KZN MP highest HIV/AIDS human rights Human Sciences Research identified identity income institutions Kruskall-Wallis KwaZulu-Natal living standard measurements LSM LSM LSM Mann-Whitney Mpumalanga non-regular partners North West Northern Cape Northern Province parliamentary opposition people's percentage place preference political parties population group post-apartheid programmes questions race relations racial census racial discrimination radio regular partners religious respondents indicated rural SAARF LSMS score significant social capital social networks South Africa standard measurements LSMs survey Table Total trust urban variables voters Western Cape
Page 143 - At least several times a week .... At least once a week At least once a month Several times a year...
Page 63 - Neither is necessarily true. Mature liberal democracies can usually accommodate ethnic divisions without violence or terror and live in peace with other liberal democracies. But without a background in constitutional liberalism, the introduction of democracy in divided societies has actually fomented nationalism, ethnic conflict, and even war.
Page ix - Lecturer in the Department of Environmental and Geographical Science at the University of Cape Town.
Page 63 - ... living within the new countries, have caused spirals of rebellion, repression, and, in places like Bosnia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia, war. Elections require that politicians compete for peoples' votes. In societies without strong traditions of multiethnic groups or assimilation, it is easiest to organize support along racial, ethnic, or religious lines. Once an ethnic group is in power, it tends to exclude other ethnic groups. Compromise seems impossible; one can bargain on material issues like...
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Page 60 - C. 1990. Christian-Nationalism and the rise of the Afrikaner Broederbond in South Africa, 1918—48.
Page 60 - The history of devolution of powers to local authorities in South Africa: The shifting sands of state control'.
Page 165 - Measure) has become the most widely used marketing research tool in Southern Africa. It divides the population into eight LSM groups, 8 (highest) to 1 (lowest). LSM-7 and LSM-8 are divided into Low and High respectively The SAARF LSM is a unique means of segmenting the South African market.
Page 129 - Communications technology The Internet and other forms of communications technology are altering the way in which information flows, ideas spread and commerce is conducted. The revolution caused by changes in communications technology is likely to affect people and localities in fundamentally different ways. Whereas some people will no doubt benefit from this, others are likely to continue to be banished to the periphery of society.