The Tragic State of the Congo: From Decolonization to Dictatorship
The Congo is rich in minerals and agricultural potential. What keeps it from emerging as a viable, even prosperous, state? During four centuries of the slave trade, the Portuguese alone claimed over 13.25 million lives. Then, King Leopold II of Belgium to.
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The National Assembly
Highlights of the Draft Constitution
Appendix I Letters From Kinshasa
Appendix II Members of the US Senate Foreign Relations Committee
Appendix III Members of the Congressional Subcom mittee for Africa Global Human Rights and Interna tional Operations
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ABAKO AFDL Africa Angola appointed armed groups Army arrested Banyamulenge Belgians Bunia Cease-fire Agreement civilians Commandant FARDC Commission Congolese country’s crimes D-Day democracy Democratic Republic deputy disarming elections ensure Equateur ernment established ethnic Etienne Tshisekedi FARDC Fax Senator fighting forces Foreign Relations Committee genocide Gizenga Hammarskj÷ld human rights Hutu Ibid implementation independence institutions Inter-Congolese Dialogue inter-Congolese political negotiations Interahamwe Ituri Joseph Kabila June Kasai Kasavubu Katanga killed Kinshasa Kisangani Kivu Kofi Kofi Annan leader Lumumba Lusaka Lusaka Ceasefire Agreement mandate Meditz Merrill million Mobutu MONUC movement National Assembly Nations Organization Mission Parties peace peacekeeping percent Phone police President prime minister provinces RCD-Goma RCD-K/ML RCD-N region Republic of Congo responsible Rwanda Sandra Secretary-General Security Council Senate Foreign Relations soldiers territory transitional constitution transitional government troops Tshombe Tutsi Uganda United Nations Vice-Presidents violence Winsome withdrawal York Zaire Zairian
Page 10 - when the bambote (soldiers) were sent to make us cut rubber there were so many killed we got tired of burying, and sometimes when we wanted to bury we were not allowed to." "'But why did they kill you so?" '"Oh, sometimes we were ordered to go and the sentry would find us preparing food to eat while in the forest, and he would shoot two or three to hurry us along. Sometimes we would try and do a little work on our plantations, so that when the harvest time came we should have something to eat, and...
Page 12 - The danger lies not so much in the possibility that the Belgians will not compromise eventually with the force of nationalism, but that when they do they will find the Africans almost totally inexperienced in handling the responsibilities which they are certain to demand and eventually to get.
Page 15 - Belgium, moved by a very sincere and humanitarian idealism, came to our help and, with the assistance of doughty native fighters, was able to rout the enemy, to eradicate disease, to teach us and to eliminate certain barbarous practices from our customs, thus restoring our human dignity and turning us into free, happy vigorous, civilised men.