How People Learn II: Learners, Contexts, and Cultures

Front Cover

There are many reasons to be curious about the way people learn, and the past several decades have seen an explosion of research that has important implications for individual learning, schooling, workforce training, and policy.

In 2000, How People Learn: Brain, Mind, Experience, and School: Expanded Edition was published and its influence has been wide and deep. The report summarized insights on the nature of learning in school-aged children; described principles for the design of effective learning environments; and provided examples of how that could be implemented in the classroom.

Since then, researchers have continued to investigate the nature of learning and have generated new findings related to the neurological processes involved in learning, individual and cultural variability related to learning, and educational technologies. In addition to expanding scientific understanding of the mechanisms of learning and how the brain adapts throughout the lifespan, there have been important discoveries about influences on learning, particularly sociocultural factors and the structure of learning environments.

How People Learn II: Learners, Contexts, and Cultures provides a much-needed update incorporating insights gained from this research over the past decade. The book expands on the foundation laid out in the 2000 report and takes an in-depth look at the constellation of influences that affect individual learning. How People Learn II will become an indispensable resource to understand learning throughout the lifespan for educators of students and adults.

 

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Contents

Summary
1
1 Introduction
11
2 Context and Culture
21
3 Types of Learning and the Developing Brain
35
4 Processes That Support Learning
69
5 Knowledge and Reasoning
85
6 Motivation to Learn
109
7 Implications for Learning in School
135
9 Learning Across the Life Span
197
10 Research Agenda
225
References
233
History of the How People Learn Studies and Their Use
295
List of Relevant Reports Published by the National Academies Press
299
Study Populations in Research on Learning
315
Committee and Staff Biographies
319
Copyright

8 Digital Technology
163

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