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American-English aspirate audible back vowels beginning blade breath breath-glide breath-group buzz Cockney English combination consonant-symbol consonantal consonants are formed corresponding degrees diphthong distinction distinguish Edition Extra fcap English sound force force-impulse fore formation French friction front vowels glide Glossary glottal stop glottis Grammar heard HENRY SWEET high vowels implies in-breathing initial inner intermediate Introduction and Notes language larynx lengthen lip-opening lips Litt.D long vowel lowered M.A Extra fcap M.A. Second Edition medium Middle and South Middle English mixed position mixed vowels modifier mouth nasal Nasal consonants nasal vowels off-glide on-glide open consonants open vowels outer phonetic pitch point-consonant practical Primer produced pronounced pronunciation resonance-chamber retracted Scotch second element sentence sfro soft palate South German stiff covers syllables symbolized synthesis teeth tongue trilled unrounded unstopped unstressed unvoiced uttered uvula vocal voice consonant Voice stops voice-glide voice-leap voiceless stops W. W. SKEAT weak stress whisper words
Page 101 - Freund, erschienst du mir! Ach! könnt ich doch auf Bergeshöhn In deinem lieben Lichte gehn, Um Bergeshöhle mit Geistern schweben, Auf Wiesen in deinem Dämmer weben, Von allem Wissensqualm entladen, In deinem Tau gesund mich baden! Weh! steck ich in dem Kerker noch?
Page 3 - Remember that language exists only in the individual, and that such a phrase as 'standard English pronunciation' expresses only an abstraction. Reflect that it is absurd to set up a standard of how English people ought to speak, before we know how they actually do speak...
Page viii - Without a knowledge of the laws of sound-change, scientific philology whether comparative or historical is impossible, and without phonetics their study degenerates into a mere mechanical enumeration of letter-changes.
Page viii - If our present wretched system of studying modern languages is ever to be reformed, it must be on the basis of a preliminary training in general phonetics, which would at the same time lay the foundation for a thorough practical study of the pronunciation and elocution of our own language — subjects which are totally ignored in our present scheme of education.
Page v - This book is intended to supply the double want of a new edition of my Handbook of Phonetic* and of a concis.introduction to phonetics, with especial reference to English and the four foreign languages most studied in this country - French, German, Latin and Greek".
Page 28 - a vowel is voice modified by a resonance chamber, to wit the mouth." "Consonants," Sweet continues, "are the result of audible friction or stopping of the breath in some part of the mouth or throat.
Page 42 - Thus in such a sentence as put on your hat, we hear clearly the 'recoil' or final breathglide which follows the final t of hat, but the t of put runs on to the following vowel without any recoil, exactly as in the single word putting.
Page 44 - Oxford 1892, S. 44) schreibt davon so: „Force (stress) . . . Physically it is synonymous with the effort by which the breath is expelled from the lungs. Every impulse of force is therefore attended by a distinct muscular sensation. Acoustically it produces the effect known as 'loudness'". Vietob (Elemente der Phonetik. Leipzig 1894, S. 276) brauoht die Ausdrücke 'Stärke', 'Nachdruck' und 'Expirationsstärke' : „Nachdruck besagt so viel wie Expirationsstärke.
Page 18 - ... wide' shape, in which it is relaxed and flattened. This convexity of the tongue naturally narrows the passage — whence the name. This narrowing is produced by raising, not the whole body of the tongue, but only that part of it which forms, or helps to form, the sound.