Deiktikon, Artikel, Nominalphrase: zur Emergenz syntaktischer Struktur

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Niemeyer, 1997 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 330 pages
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This book proposes a new theory of the grammaticalization of articles and noun phrase structure. While most work in grammaticalization theory has focused on grammaticalizing elements, here the grammatical construction (NP) into which a grammaticalizing element (article) enters is of central concern. A rigorous and comprehensive account is given of the closely correlated development on both the element and the constructional levels is provided, addressing semantic, pragmatic, and syntactic issues. Apart from definite and specific articles, a broad variety of constructions involving articles is discussed (e.g. linking articles), and a new typology for articles is proposed. It is shown that this broad variety of article constructions derives from a single universal use of demonstratives.

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Grammatikalisierungstheoretische Grundlagen
Stadien der Grammatikalisierung des Definitartikels nach Lehmann 198257

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Common terms and phrases

8-Rolle Adjektiv adnominal grammatikalisierten Adpositionen Affix Analyse anamnestischen Gebrauch anaphorischen anaphorischen Gebrauch Argument Arrernte Aspekte Attribute Ausdrucksmuster australischen Sprachen austronesischen Sprachen beiden Beispiel besteht Chomsky Definitartikel definiten Deiktika deiktischen Deixis Demonstrativa deshalb Determinator Deutschen Diskursfunktion DIST distale Englischen Evidenz Fahrrad Fall folgenden Form formalen Funktion funktionale Gebrauch von Demonstrativa Gebrauchskontexte Gebrauchsweisen Gelenkartikel generell gibt grammatikalisierte D-Elemente Grammatikalisierung Grammatikalisierungsprozessen grammatische Grammeme handelt ille inaun insbesondere Kasus Konstituenten Konstruktion Language lexikalische Lokaldeiktika lokaldeiktischen Matrixverb Modifikatoren möglich moon morphosyntaktische morphosyntaktische Kategorie nennender Elemente niyä Nomen nominale Syntagmen nominalen Ausdrücken Noun Nukleus Nunggubuyu obligatorisch Operatoren Partizipanten PAST1 Pepito Peter Phänomen phrasale Gestalt Phrasenartikel Position Prädikation pronominal PROX PROX-GIVEN qämb Quantoren Referenten Relativsatz Resultativ-SCs resultative resultative Prädikate Salish-Sprachen saya SC-Prädikat SC-Subjekt scheint schen semantisch semantisch-definiten semantisch-pragmatischen situativen Gebrauch SPEC spezifische Artikel Sprachen Struktur Subjekt Syntagmen syntaktische Syntax Tagalog Texten typischerweise Unterschied Verben verschiedenen verwendet Verwendung weitere wogub zwei

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About the author (1997)

Nikolaus P. Himmelmann is Professor of Linguistics at the Ruhr-Universitat Bochum. His research interests include typology and grammaticisation theory, prosody, and grammar as well as language documentation and description. He is the author of an in-depth study of the typology and grammaticalization
of demonstratives and articles (Tubingen: Niemeyer) and co-editor of The Austronesian Languages of Asia and Madagascar (London: Routledge). He has done fieldwork in the Philippines, Sulawesi and East Timor and published widely on core issues in Austronesian grammar, including the nature of lexical
and syntactic categories and voice.
Eva Schultze-Berndt is Professor of Linguistics at the Karl-Franzens-Universitat Graz. Her research interests include typology, grammar of spoken language, lexical semantics, language contact, and language documentation and description. She has published on complex and secondary predication, verb
semantics, word classes, and construction-based approaches to grammar, from a typological perspective and with a focus on the Northern Australian language Jaminjung based on her own fieldwork.

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