Copious Greek Grammar, Volume 2

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J. Murray, 1832 - Greek language
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Page 1061 - In composition with verbs, the prepositions are always used adverbially. Hence, in the older state of the language, in Homer and Herodotus, it is customary to find the preposition and verb separated by other words, and the former coming sometimes immediately after the verb; as, f¡iuv ¿что \oiyov ¿fivvat(ll.
Page 736 - Demonstrative prononns are often not in the gender of the substantive to which they refer, but in the neuter, provided the idea of the substantive in the abstract be considered generally as a thing or matter. (Matthur, § 439.) § П. 'A/i<t>Ae£ívTtov TI. " Having disputed about something.
Page 882 - Very often, however, the optative serves to express even the most definite assertions with modesty and politeness, as a mere conjecture ; a moderation which, in consequence of their political equality, was peculiar to all the Greeks, but particularly the Athenians, and which very seldom occurs in modern languages. Thus, Aristoph., Plut., 284, ойкет' ùv кргпрацл, "I will no longer conceal it from you.
Page 745 - When an adjective is put with an auxiliary verb, as predicate, without referring to a proper subject, consisting of one word, it is properly in the neuter singular; the Greeks, however, often put the neuter plural. Herod. 1, 91. тч" чгетгрш/lévrçv (íolpav aBvvará ¿an ¿тгофи-уеен
Page 942 - If the leading verb by itself governs another case than the accusative, either that case or the accusative may accompany it, when the infinitive follows. Cf. Mt. § 537 ; S. § 158. N. 4. See also N. II. 1. § 2. 2.
Page 607 - verbs denoting possession, firo~ fterey, duty, &c. govern the genitive," and that the " material of which any thing is made is put in the genitive." IV. ' The genitive is also put with verbs compounded with prepositions which govern the genitive, that is to say, when these prepositions may be separated from the verb, and placed immediately before the case, without altering the signification of the verb; as «mirafsx»» т» nvoç, for Taçs^ii» т» »VT» Tivo; ; airoTtiíos v ¿;^.хти, for...
Page 670 - Many verbs have the accusative not only of the nearer and more immediate object of the action, but also of the more remote object of it, ie the person or thing to which the action with its immediate object passes, which in English is generally expressed by a dative ; as eu or 7-oaiui iroisiv TI»«, " to do good or harm to any one ;" ív or mxug Xsyeiv TIVK, " to speak well or ill of any one.
Page 774 - TO<TOUTW — овш, in order to show that a quality exists in the highest degree in one subject, in the same measure as it is possessed by another in the highest degree.
Page 1104 - for," never stands at the beginning of a proposition or clause, but, instead of it, xal yap is used at the beginning, like etenim in Latin. In Greek, the proposition of which that with yap assigns the cause is often omitted, inasmuch as it is easily understood, and is passed over by the speaker in the vivacity of discourse. Thus, in the answer so common in Plato, we have lari yap obra,
Page 875 - IMPERATIVE. The imperative is used in Greek, as in other languages, in addresses, entreaties, commands, &c. The personal pronouns, as in other languages, are omitted, except when they serve for distinction, or have an emphasis. 1. The second person sometimes receives an indefinite subject, and thus stands, as it were, for the third ; as, Hate, irate, irai TIC äv " Strike, strike, every one, whosoever thou mayst be.

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