Some account of the Jacotot system of universal instruction with a preliminary reference to the systems of Lancaster, Fellenburgh, and Pestalozzi, read before the Albany Institute at its last regular meeting, in April 1831
E. Bliss, 1831
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accomplished acquirements acquisitions adduced agricul Albany astonishing attempt became at length become Berne Calypso ceed celebrated compelled copy of Telemachus correct desideratum distinguish between synonymous doubt elucidating England examination exercised experience Fellenburg founder French language friends gain of power genius Hamlet Happily HARVARD UNIVERSITY higher branches Hofwyl ideas imitate a thought institution JACOTOT SYSTEM known labor language or science learned letters Louvain Madras mankind master McClure means of perpetuating mechanical memory memory and reason ment mental improve merit method monitorial mory and reason natural history naturalist necessity Neef never object peculiar Pestalozzi Pestalozzian system philanthropy philosophical Pillans plicability principles pupils quired rational power received repeated resemblances rules of grammar says Jacotot scholars sentence solemn injunction spirit of inquiry studies system of Lancaster SYSTEM OF UNIVERSAL systems of education taught teach teacher thing tion treatise tural tured unceasing UNIVERSAL INSTRUCTION verify word write Yverdun
Page 22 - That place, that does Contain my books, the best companions, is To me a glorious court, where hourly I Converse with the old sages and philosophers ; And sometimes for variety I confer With kings and emperors, and weigh their counsels ; Calling their victories, if unjustly got, Unto a strict account ; and in my fancy, Deface their ill-placed statues.
Page 17 - ... in the chain of ratiocination, proceeding always from the known to the unknown, from the most easy to the most difficult...
Page 22 - ... philosophers ; And sometimes for variety I confer With kings and emperors, and weigh their counsels; Calling their victories, if unjustly got, Unto a strict account; and in my fancy, Deface their ill-placed statues. Can i then Part with such constant pleasures, to embrace Uncertain vanities? No, be it your care To augment a heap of wealth : it shall be mine To increase in knowledge.
Page 17 - Considering that man is born neither good nor bad, but that the disposition to become either good or bad is intimately interwoven with his organization, he became soon convinced that our education is the only cause of our becoming either good, useful, intelligent, rational, moral and virtuous beings, or wicked, noxious, ignorant, senseless, superstitious, and therefore miserable creatures.
Page 18 - ... the most extensive and accurate use of all the senses, exercising, improving, and perfecting all the mental and corporeal faculties by quickening combination ; accelerating and carefully arranging comparison ; judiciously and impartially making deduction ; summing up the results free from prejudices, and cautiously avoiding the delusions of imagination, the constant source of ignorance and error.
Page 16 - The education of children and the rearing of vegetables are the only occupations for which I feel any aptitude.
Page 26 - ... perpetual authority to which you can refer. Classify the facts and you will have a grammar. Examine all the ideas of a classical work like Telemachus, in French, their bearing and connexions, and you will find it a guide to a vast extent of knowledge. His general maxim is, Learn one book in the language thoroughly, refer all the rest to it by your own reflection, and ascertain the correctness of others by what you know yourself. Learn by heart, for instance, the first six books of Telemaque,...
Page 18 - ... their properties and bring them within the reach of the senses. If these cannot be obtained, then accurate designs, or representations, and books, and descriptions, although imperfect substitutes, are employed; but these are not to be resorted to until every possible means of acquiring the first two have failed. They learn mechanism by the machines or exact models of them; arithmetic, by an instrument called the arithmometer ; geometry, by an instrument called the trigonometer, and another called...
Page 28 - The entire course, then, comprehends the following exercises : 1. To imitate. 2. To make general reflections upon known facts. 3. To distinguish between synonymous words. 4. To distinguish between synonymous expressions. 5. To examine parallel subjects. 6. To examine analogous thoughts. 7. To transfer or translate the reflections arising from one subject to another somewhat similar. 8. To analyse a chapter, book, poem, <fcc.