Handbook of Polytomous Item Response Theory Models

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Michael L. Nering, Remo Ostini
Routledge, 2010 - Education - 296 pages
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This comprehensive Handbook focuses on the most used polytomous item response theory (IRT) models. These models help us understand the interaction between examinees and test questions where the questions have various response categories.ćee The book reviews all of the major models and includes discussions about how and where the models originated, conceptually and in practical terms. Diverse perspectives on how these models can best be evaluated are also provided. Practical applications provide a realistic account of the issues practitioners face using these models. Disparate elements of the book are linked through editorial sidebars that connect common ideas across chapters, compare and reconcile differences in terminology, and explain variations in mathematical notation. These sidebars help to demonstrate the commonalities that exist across the field. By assembling this critical information, the editors hope to inspire others to use polytomous IRT models in their own research so they too can achieve the type of improved measurement that such models can provide.

Part 1 examines the most commonly used polytomous IRT models,ćeemajor issues that cut across these models, ćeeand a common notation for calculating functions for each model.ćeeAn introduction to IRT software is also provided.ćee Part 2 features distinct approaches to evaluating the effectiveness of polytomous IRT models in various measurement contexts.ćeeThese chapters appraise evaluation procedures and fit tests and demonstrate how to implement these procedures using IRT software. The final section features groundbreaking applications.ćee Here the goal is to provide solutions to technical problems to allow for the most effective use of these models in measuring educational, psychological, and social science abilities and traits. This section also addresses the major issues encountered when using polytomous IRT models in computerized adaptive testing.ćee Equating test scores across different testing contexts is the focus of the last chapter. The various contexts include personality research, motor performance, health and quality of life indicators, attitudes, and educational achievement.

Featuring contributions from the leading authorities, this handbook will appeal to measurement researchers, practitioners, and students who want to apply polytomous IRT models to their own research. It will be of particular interest to education and psychology assessment specialists who develop and use tests and measures in their work, especially researchers in clinical, educational, personality, social, and health ćeepsychology.ćee This book also serves as a supplementary text in graduate courses on educational measurement, psychometrics, or item response theory.

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The Nominal Categories Item Response Model
The General Graded Response Model

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Common terms and phrases

About the author (2010)

Michael L. Nering is the Director of the Psychometrics Department at Measured Progress, Inc. He received his Ph.D. in Psychology at the University of Minnesota in 1996. His research interests include person fit, computer-based assessment, equating and item response theory. He has published research in such journals as Applied Psychological Measurement, Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, Journal of Educational Measurement, and Educational and Psychological Measurement.

Remo Ostini is a Research Fellow in the Healthy Communities Research Centre at the University of Queensland in Australia. He received his Ph.D. in Psychology from the University of Minnesota in 2001. His research interests include health literacy motivation, personality and attitude measurement, and the psychology of morality. He has published research in such journals as the Journal of Medical Ethics, Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety, and the Annals of Pharmacotherapy.

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