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A. S. form accent allied to Lat Anglo-Saxon answers appears Aryan Aryan root beet borrowed from Lat Celtic changes Chapter Chaucer cognate commonly consonantal consonants Danish denoted derived Dictionary dimin diphthong dissyllabic Dutch early English words etymology examples explained fact final Goth Gothic gradation grammar Greek Grimm's Law guttural Hence Icel Icelandic initial Irish Kluge labial large number Latin letters Lith Lithuan long vowels Low German Medially Mercian Middle English modern English mutation Northern dialect Northumbrian occurs Old High German orig origin past tense phonetic plural prefix preserved pronounced pronunciation remarkable riming Russ Sanskrit Saxon Scand Scandinavian sense shew shifting shortened Sievers sound Southern spelling spelt stem strong verb substantives suffix Swed Sweet syllable symbols Teut Teutonic languages Teutonic type usually Verner's Law vowel-sounds weak verb whence whilst written
Page 505 - I say not this but that in euery shyre of England there be gentlemen and others that speake, but specially write, as good Southerne as we of Middlesex or Surrey do, but not the common people of euery shire, to whom the gentlemen, and also their learned clarkes, do for the most part condescend ; but herein we are already ruled by th' English Dictionaries and other bookes written by learned men, and therefore it needeth none other direction in that behalfe.
Page 505 - Our maker, therfore, at these dayes, shall not follow Piers plowman, nor Gower, nor Lydgate, nor yet Chaucer, for their language is now out of use with us...
Page 390 - , are ' very apt to desert and drop off in a long march.
Page 29 - Pencrich ; so that now, in the year of our Lord 1385, in all the grammar-schools of England, the children leave French and construe and learn in English, whereby they have an advantage in one way and a disadvantage in another.
Page 482 - A third of the merchants and manufacturers of the ruined city are said to have found a refuge on the banks of the Thames. The export trade to Flanders died away as London developed into the general mart of Europe, where the gold and sugar of the New World were found side by side with the cotton of India, the silks of the East, and the woollen stuffs of England itself.
Page 331 - ... to say, that, speaking generally, it represents a Victorian pronunciation of popular words by means of symbols imperfectly adapted to an Elizabethan pronunciation ; the symbols themselves being mainly due to the Anglo-French scribes, of the Plantagenet period, whose system was meant to be fonetic.
Page 75 - Saxons. We have traces of a certain amount of literature in Saxon or Low-German from that time onward through the Middle Ages up to the seventeenth century. But little only of that literature has been preserved ; and, after the translation of the Bible...
Page 344 - sonant' are apt to mislead; for, as both p and b are classed as mutes, it is difficult to see how a mute letter could be sonant. Some persons have been so entirely deceived by the term sonant, that they imagined all the so-called sonant letters to be necessarily pronounced with tonic vibrations of the chordae vocales...
Page 450 - The net result is, that the Old Celtic element in English is very small, and further research tends rather to diminish than increase it. The greater part of the Celtic words in English consists of comparatively late borrowings ; and the whole sum of them is by no means large.