The Gulf War Aftermath: An Environmental Tragedy
In 1962 Rachel Carson warned of the consequences of man's pollution in her book Silent Spring, a book that some feel marks the real beginning of our environmental awareness. Silent Spring told of the consequences of our increasing pesticide use to birds. Almost 30 years after her warning, the western Arabian Gulf experienced its "silent spring" when approximately 100,000 to 250,000 waterbirds died, along with millions of other organisms, due to the massive oil spill that resulted due to Gulf war. The magnitude of our environmental problems has continued to grow during the last thirty years to a point where even the "doomsday" environmentalists could hardly have envisioned back in 1962. It seems the death of yet uncounted thousands of humans was not sufficient for Saddam Husain. His desire for power and infamy led him to unleash environmental war on mankind. At the end of the Gulf war he set ablaze the oil fields of Kuwait and released more oil into the sea than had been spilled at any time throughout history. These actions were despicable and an affront to civilized man. A quality environment should be a right of all mankind, and to wage war by deliberately polluting the earth cannot be tolerated.
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adversely effect Ahmadi air particulates air quality guidelines Allied ambient air ambient concentrations Arabian Gulf areas assessment atmosphere Bahrain Burgan combustion concentrations of SO2 contamination crude oil damage Dawhat decrease Dhahran diesel emission products emitted enhanced environment Environmental Protection estimated explosives exposure Figure fire source fuel global Global Atmosphere Watch Gulf crisis Gulf region Gulf War Oil health effects Hobbs and Radke human health hydrocarbons inhalable Iraq Iraqi Jubail KFUPM/RI King Fahd University Kuwait and Saudi Kuwait City Kuwait oil fields Kuwait oil fires Lameloise locations McCain MEPA metal concentrations Meteorological military million barrels monitoring ng/m nickel nitrogen oxides northeastern Saudi Arabia oil lakes oil mist oil spill oil well fires organic chemicals ozone PAHs reported Sadiq Saudi Arabia Saudi Aramco shoreline smoke plume soil soot sulfate sulfur dioxide Sunaid Table temperature toxic ug/m USA USA USEPA USSR Iraq vanadium wildlife